BT chooses Juniper Networks to unify services for cloud initiative and 5G future

BT will develop its 5G capabilities further after striking an agreement with Juniper Networks. The network developer will support BT in the delivery of its …

BT will develop its 5G capabilities further after striking an agreement with Juniper Networks. The network developer will support BT in the delivery of its Network Cloud infrastructure initiative, which will allow various lines of its business on a single platform.

A more flexible, virtualised network infrastructure will allow the biggest British telco to create new converged services for mobile, Wi-Fi, and fixed networks.

It will also bring about a range of new applications that evolve services such as internet access, TV and business network functions.

After EE, BT’s subsidiary, launched 5G in the UK on May 22, Guillaume Sampic, enterprise strategy director at BT, said that the benefits of 5G to businesses in terms of latency, speed, reliability and volume will “be a step change” from 4G.

Commenting on the Juniper Networks agreement, Neil McRae, chief architect at BT, said: “BT is a global leader in ultrafast services, with growing demand from our ultrafast broadband services and ultrafast 5G services and has the perfect opportunity to combine several discrete networks into a unified, automated infrastructure.

“This move to a single cloud-driven network infrastructure will enable BT to offer a wider range of services, faster and more efficiently to customers in the UK and around the world.”

The Network Cloud infrastructure initiative will integrate seamlessly with BT’s other partners and solutions to move it closer to an automated and programmable network, which will benefit services such as ISP, TV, IT and its voice, mobile core, radio access and internal applications.

BT is investing in a range of Juniper solutions across various tenants within the BT network, including a dynamic end-to-end networking policy and control for telco cloud workloads using Contrail Networking, cloud operations management using AppFormix and a scalable and flexible spine and leaf underlay fabric using the QFX Series.

“As a renowned global service provider, BT is a shining example of how to evolve networks to become more agile,” said Bikash Koley, CTO, Juniper Networks. “By leveraging the ‘beach-front property’ it has in central offices around the globe, BT can optimise the business value that 5G’s bandwidth and connectivity brings.

“The move to an integrated telco cloud platform brings always-on reliability, along with enhanced automation capabilities, to help improve business continuity and increase time-to-market while doing so in a cost-effective manner.”

Capacity recently spoke with Juniper Networks to learn more about its cloud-based SD-WAN solution and how differs from the competition.

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Antitrust Lawsuit Against Qualcomm Is Unjust Government Overreach

The Federal Trade Commission’s antitrust lawsuit against Qualcomm Inc. is just … Some background: Qualcomm develops and manufactures mobile …

Everyso often, a case comes along that screams government misuse of power. The FederalTrade Commission’s antitrust lawsuit against Qualcomm Inc. is just such a case,and thus warrants scrutiny.

The commission’saction was questionablefrom the start, based entirely on conjecture and allegations raisedby antagonistic competitors—China’s Huawei included. Even the Department ofJustice expressed misgivings aboutthe prosecution.

TheMay 21 ruling against thecompany by U.S. District Judge Lucy Koh compounded the injustice. In theabsence of evidence that Qualcomm’s business practices harmed competition, thejudge ignored real-world data to the contrary and ruled instead that Qualcomm’sactions might cause harm. Moreover, she cited Qualcomm’s success as defacto proof of monopolistic misbehavior.

Agood many antitrust experts have expressed alarm. Commissioner Christine Wilson,for example, published a commentary in the WallStreet Journal calling the opinion “bad law and bad policy.” Legal scholarRichard Epstein, in a Hoover Institution journal, characterized Koh’s take as“spectacularly misguided.”

Alas,judicial overreach and regulatory heavy-handedness are prevalent these days, reflectingthe imperiousness of the administrativestateand, in this instance, the revival of Progressive-era antitrust dogma.

Despitea fiercely competitive wireless market and robust indicators of consumerwelfare, two Obama-appointed commissioners and a federal district judge effectivelydecided that they are better equipped to manage wireless network licensing andchipset prices than those who actually produce and purchase the technology.

Somebackground: Qualcomm develops andmanufactures mobile technologies, including modems for cellular phones and theSnapdragon processors to run them. The company supplied chipsets and otherwireless network elements for hundreds of millions of Apple iPhones from 2011to 2017, among others. The companies’ association generated sizable profits forboth, as well as protracted litigation.

The Federal TradeCommission filed its antitrust complaint against Qualcomm on Jan. 17, 2017—amere three days before the end of the Obama administration. Only three of fivecommissioners were active at the time, and the vote to proceed with the casewas split 2 to 1. The single “no” vote was cast by then-Commissioner Maureen K.Ohlhausen, who denounced the lawsuit as “an enforcement action based on a flawed legaltheory that lacks economic and evidentiary support.”

Some observers contendthat the commission was “encouraged” to act by executives of Apple Inc., whichlikewise filed a lawsuit against Qualcomm on virtually the same grounds threedays after the commission’s filing. Indeed, the testimony of Apple executiveswas a central component of the commission’s case.

It is widely knownthat the commission and company signed a “common interest agreement,” whichallowed them to secretly share information and coordinate their legalstrategies. But it is largely unknown that internal Apple documents describe how, in an effort to “[r]educe Apple’s net royalty toQualcomm,” Apple planned long before filing suit to “[h]urt Qualcommfinancially” and “[p]ut Qualcomm’s licensing model at risk,” by filing lawsuitswith claims similar to those of the FederalTrade Commission. Whether the commission was an unwitting player in Apple’splans is unknown.

Ohlhausen’s objectionsto the commission’s filing were entirely validated during the 11-day benchtrial, which concluded on Jan. 29, 2019. The commission’s lawyers and witnessesproffered plenty of unsubstantiated theories about Qualcomm’s (purported) abuse of monopoly power and subsequent“strangling” of competition and innovation—but no empirical research to provethat Qualcomm’s business practices produced artificially high prices orrestricted supply.

In fact, Qualcomm’slicensing framework has been an industry standard for decades, and the commission’stheories are contradicted by real-world data.

The commission targetedwhat they called Qualcomm’s “no license-no chip policy,” claiming that thecompany threatened to withhold chips from handset manufacturers to extract undulyhigh payments for the bundle of patents necessary to operate the phones and toaccess the cellular network. Qualcomm’s (purported) chip monopoly was said tohave increased its negotiating leverage, thereby forcing phone manufacturers toaccede to the inflated royalties.

The rates were alsoimposed on handset manufacturers who sourced chips from other companies becauseQualcomm’s bundle of patents is essential to the functioning of the wireless network.According to the commission attorneys, the royalty rates demanded by Qualcommconstituted a “tax” on competing chip manufacturers by eroding their priceadvantage, if any.

The commission alsoclaimed that Qualcomm’s royalty framework forced competitors to cutcosts—including research and development investment—which supposedly reducedindustry innovation and increased the retail cost of wireless phones.

In reality, chipdemand expanded in the market defined (artificially) by the commission, and theaverage price of smartphones declined by more than 30% between 2010 and 2017.Qualcomm’s market share also declined (in the defined market), while companiessuch as MediaTek, Samsung, Huawei and others all gained share.

Perhaps most telling,Qualcomm did not increase royalty rates as its market share expanded, nor did it halt chip shipmentsfor negotiating leverage—both of which contravene the commission’s theory.

The burden of proof inthis type of antitrust case is supposed to be evidence of actual harm, according to Senior Circuit Judge Douglas Ginsburg of the Court ofAppeals for the District of Columbia, and Professor of Law Joshua D. Wright ofGeorge Mason University School of Law (himselfa former commissioner).

“[W]hile the risk ofanticompetitive foreclosure is real,” they wrote, “courts have sensiblyresponded by requiring plaintiffs to substantiate their claims with more thanjust theory or scant evidence that rivals have been harmed.”

The commission built its case around the theoretical assertions of Carl Shapiro, who also was the commission’s expert in its challenge to the merger of AT&T and Time Warner. In that case, however, U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon shredded Shapiro’s pronouncements as “assumptions that are implausible and inconsistent with record evidence,” and “not sufficiently grounded in the evidence—a fact that undermine[s] my confidence in the reliability and factual credibility of his projections.”

The Federal TradeCommission lawsuit and subsequent ruling are also problematic for the commissionand Koh in light of the recent settlement of all litigation between Apple and Qualcomm.

Opening arguments inApple U.S. lawsuit had just commenced on April 16 when the settlement wasannounced. In addition to the dismissal of litigation worldwide, the deal includesa six-year patent licensing agreement, a multiyear chip supplier agreement, andan end to all patent disputes between the two companies. Apple will make a $4.5billion settlement payment to Qualcomm, as well.

Simply put, what isthe point of continuing litigation if the principle parties have alreadysettled the disputes?

Alas, the judge alsoignored a formal requestfrom the Department of Justice for a hearing “on issues related to a remedy,”further noting that “in fashioning a remedy, the court should take carefulconsideration of all relevant issues and effects of such a remedy. Thatincludes the principle that, although a proper remedy must restore anycompetition lost due to actions found to have violated the antitrust laws, aremedy should work as little injury as possible to other public policies.

By most accounts, the JusticeDepartment is referring to the effect on deployment of the 5G network. The term“5G” refers to the fifth generation of cellular wireless technology that willmove data exponentially faster and in greater volume. It will also dramaticallyreduce “latency” (the time it takes for a data message to reach its target andinitiate a response).

Qualcomm is a globalleader in 5G technologies, and the only major American company producing thenecessary network elements. It is also the principle competitor to Huawei, alsoa global provider of technology networks—with annual sales exceeding $86 billion.A reportreleased last month by the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellenceconcluded that Huawei technology is conjoined with Beijing’s intelligenceoperations.

There is, understandably, a great deal of concern that severe sanctions would handicap Qualcomm. As noted by the Justice Department:

Indeed, there is a plausible prospect that an overly broad remedy in this case could reduce competition and innovation in markets for 5G technology and downstream applications that rely on that technology. Such an outcome could exceed the appropriate scope of an equitable antitrust remedy. Moreover, it has the distinct potential to harm rather than help competition.

Alas, the JusticeDepartment’s request was summarily dismissed by both the commission and thejudge, who has ordered Qualcomm to renegotiate its contracts with customers andcompetitors worldwide—and for products and markets in which Qualcomm is not adominant player or which did not exist in the timeframe addressed in the commission’scomplaint.

Qualcomm has filed fora stayof Koh’s order and will seek an expedited appeal, company officials have said,noting that the order “threatens to upend the entire wireless communicationsindustry … and undermine incentives to contribute the foundational technologyunderlying cellular standards and systems.”

A stay of Koh’s orderis the least of what is needed to erase the judicial overreach and regulatoryheavy-handedness represented by this case. But there is potential for years ofadditional litigation unless the Federal Trade Commission refrains fromappealing an appeals court ruling in Qualcomm’s favor.

It is difficult toimagine that even the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals would allow Koh’s ruling tostand. But these are the days of the administrative state and the revival ofProgressive-era antitrust dogma.

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United States 5G Infrastructure Market Report 2018

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of …

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. United States 5G Infrastructure market has been broken down by major regions, with complete market estimates on the basis of products/applications on a regional basis.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Crystal Market Reports

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Geographically, this report splits the United States market into seven regions:

The West

Southwest

The Middle Atlantic

New England

The South

The Midwest

with sales (volume), revenue (value), market share and growth rate of 5G Infrastructure in these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast).

United States 5G Infrastructure market competition by top manufacturers/players, with 5G Infrastructure sales volume, price, revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including

Cisco

NEC

Qualcomm

Intel

Ericsson

Samsung

Mediatek

Cavium

Qorvo

Huawei

LG Electronics

Macom Technology Solutions

Analog Devices

Vmware

Fujitsu

Juniper Networks

Verizon Communications

AT&T

SK Telecom

T-Mobile

Nokia

ZTE Corporation

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co

Korea Telecom

China Mobile

On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

By Core Network Technology

Software-Defined Networking (SDN)

Network Function Virtualization (NFV)

Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)

Fog Computing (FC)

By Chipset Type

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit (RFIC)

Millimeter Wave Technology Chips

Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including

Automotive

Energy and Utilities

Healthcare

Retail

Intelligent Buildings and Infrastructures

Industrial Automation

Consumer Electronics

Other

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Reasons to Buy This Research Report

About Crystal Market Reports

Crystal Market Reports is a distributor of market research spanning 160 industries. Our extensive database consists of over 400,000 quality publications sourced from 400 plus publishers, this puts our research specialists in the unique position of been able to offer truly unbiased advice on what research provides the most valuable insights.

Contact Info.:-

Address: 90 State Street

Suite 700 Albany

New York 12207

Email: [email protected]

Web: https://www.crystalmarketreport.com

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United States 5G Infrastructure Market Report 2018

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of …

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. United States 5G Infrastructure market has been broken down by major regions, with complete market estimates on the basis of products/applications on a regional basis.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Crystal Market Reports

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Geographically, this report splits the United States market into seven regions:

The West

Southwest

The Middle Atlantic

New England

The South

The Midwest

with sales (volume), revenue (value), market share and growth rate of 5G Infrastructure in these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast).

United States 5G Infrastructure market competition by top manufacturers/players, with 5G Infrastructure sales volume, price, revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including

Cisco

NEC

Qualcomm

Intel

Ericsson

Samsung

Mediatek

Cavium

Qorvo

Huawei

LG Electronics

Macom Technology Solutions

Analog Devices

Vmware

Fujitsu

Juniper Networks

Verizon Communications

AT&T

SK Telecom

T-Mobile

Nokia

ZTE Corporation

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co

Korea Telecom

China Mobile

On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

By Core Network Technology

Software-Defined Networking (SDN)

Network Function Virtualization (NFV)

Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)

Fog Computing (FC)

By Chipset Type

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit (RFIC)

Millimeter Wave Technology Chips

Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including

Automotive

Energy and Utilities

Healthcare

Retail

Intelligent Buildings and Infrastructures

Industrial Automation

Consumer Electronics

Other

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Reasons to Buy This Research Report

About Crystal Market Reports

Crystal Market Reports is a distributor of market research spanning 160 industries. Our extensive database consists of over 400,000 quality publications sourced from 400 plus publishers, this puts our research specialists in the unique position of been able to offer truly unbiased advice on what research provides the most valuable insights.

Contact Info.:-

Address: 90 State Street

Suite 700 Albany

New York 12207

Email: [email protected]

Web: https://www.crystalmarketreport.com

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts

United States 5G Infrastructure Market Report 2018

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of …

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. United States 5G Infrastructure market has been broken down by major regions, with complete market estimates on the basis of products/applications on a regional basis.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Crystal Market Reports

In this report, the United States 5G Infrastructure market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Geographically, this report splits the United States market into seven regions:

The West

Southwest

The Middle Atlantic

New England

The South

The Midwest

with sales (volume), revenue (value), market share and growth rate of 5G Infrastructure in these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast).

United States 5G Infrastructure market competition by top manufacturers/players, with 5G Infrastructure sales volume, price, revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including

Cisco

NEC

Qualcomm

Intel

Ericsson

Samsung

Mediatek

Cavium

Qorvo

Huawei

LG Electronics

Macom Technology Solutions

Analog Devices

Vmware

Fujitsu

Juniper Networks

Verizon Communications

AT&T

SK Telecom

T-Mobile

Nokia

ZTE Corporation

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co

Korea Telecom

China Mobile

On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

By Core Network Technology

Software-Defined Networking (SDN)

Network Function Virtualization (NFV)

Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)

Fog Computing (FC)

By Chipset Type

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit (RFIC)

Millimeter Wave Technology Chips

Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including

Automotive

Energy and Utilities

Healthcare

Retail

Intelligent Buildings and Infrastructures

Industrial Automation

Consumer Electronics

Other

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Browse full research report at https://www.crystalmarketreport.com/united-states-5g-infrastructure-market-report-2018

Reasons to Buy This Research Report

About Crystal Market Reports

Crystal Market Reports is a distributor of market research spanning 160 industries. Our extensive database consists of over 400,000 quality publications sourced from 400 plus publishers, this puts our research specialists in the unique position of been able to offer truly unbiased advice on what research provides the most valuable insights.

Contact Info.:-

Address: 90 State Street

Suite 700 Albany

New York 12207

Email: [email protected]

Web: https://www.crystalmarketreport.com

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