Blockchain for Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO): Covid-19 Impact

Blockchain is the underlying technology for Bitcoin and most other cryptocurrencies. But Blockchain is much more than that. Through intra-enterprise …

Cultural challenges impede organizations from becoming responsive, agile, or autonomic. Decentralized autonomous organizations (DOAs) can help address such issues.

The persistent Covit-18 pandemic is challenging all ournorms. We are starting to see huge financial losses in many sectors. But mostimportantly, we are witnessing mega-shifts that will have profound impacts,once the dust settles. A recent articlefrom McKinsey clearly articulates the post-Covid-19 cultural revolutionimpacting organization of all sizes:

Manyleaders are reflecting on how small, nimble teams built in a hurry to deal withthe COVID-19 emergency made important decisions faster and better. Whatcompanies have learned cannot be unlearned—namely, that a flatter organizationthat delegates decision making down to a dynamic network of teams is moreeffective.

As we discussed in anearlier article – May 2020 (has it been that long?) – the Covid-19 lockdowns and shutdowns of businesses and government willchange us – are changing us. In this article, we are revising and expanding upon an essential trend powering autonomic enterprise:Decentralized Automation Organizations.

TheCovid-19 pandemic is a Black Swan event par excellence. Manyindustries such as manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies, and restaurants re-defining and re-organizingthemselves for Covid-19 products and services. Innovative startups are re-aligningtheir services to accommodate constantly changing Covid-19 constraints.

Becoming an autonomic enterprise in motion is not an option

Recently,Cisco’s former CEO, John Chambers, indicated that 50% of Fortune 500 companies would notexist in 10 years. The importanceof Culture got accentuated in the post-Covid-19 era. Transformationstarts with Culture. The conventional “Org Chart” did not inspireagility, change, or empowerment in the pre-Covid-19 age. Post-Covid-19, ithas been challenged and stressed to the limit. It is a model that is no longerworking – especially with the newer, technologically savvy, independent-minded,and entrepreneurial younger generations.

The Covid-19 organizationaltrends encompass smaller & flatter org charts, virtualization, andinnovative teams – all with an added emphasis on integrity and empowerment.

Flat Organizations

Organizations are becoming flatter – often not by choice.More than ever, the lockdown, interruption of supply chains, and the emergenceof virtual work shifts are accentuating the need for innovation,entrepreneurship, and autonomy, especially through challenging the archaichierarchical organization structures towards more decentralization andinnovation empowerment at the “edges.”

The top-down hierarchical organization structures are tiredand passé. They do not inspire innovation or digital transformation. Employeeempowerment has been elusive and hard to achieve within a rigidly hierarchicalorganization.

Flattening organizations with increased communication, collaboration, and empowerment is an irreversible trend

Jacob Morgan contrasts several emerging organizational models in the Future of Work. Emerging models include flat and holacratic organizations (vs. bureaucracies and hierarchies – and we know how well those functions!). Challenging traditional management around circles for specific projects and objectives is both liberating and transformational. The Covid-19 pandemic provides a wonderful opportunity for organizations to re-assess their rigid structures and flatten their organizations.

Virtuality

Virtualityis another irreversible trend that has gained incredible traction in theCovid-19 era. Collaboration andvirtualization tools such as Zoom and Slack – often essential for work-from-home- have had an incredible run: 72%of consumers had their first-ever virtual care visit during Covid-19. Thevirtuality shift is complex and multi-faceted. The nine-to-five in the office“normal” is being reset: Employees want greaterflexibility in the percentage of time they spent at home vs. office – thebreakdown is 51% office and 49% home.

Virtuality also has an inter-organizational dimension. Thenotion of “virtual enterprises” or their predecessor “virtualcorporation” has been around for a while. The core idea is the ability fororganizations to deliver customized products and services quickly and globally.This was an amazing vision coming from theearly 1990s. Another term that is used synonymously or embedded in the connotation ofa virtual enterprise is the “extended enterprise.” Basically, “a looselycoupled, self-organizing network of firms that combine their economic output toprovide products and services offerings to the market.”

The extension beyondthe organizational boundaries involving inter-enterprise collaboration isbecoming critical in the Covid-19 era. The extended enterprise needs tofunction as a coordinated whole – preferably seamless to the consumer orcustomer. The core premise is creating very flexible and dynamic organizations thatcan rapidly satisfy customers’ or consumers’ demands and needs.

As Mike Welsh points out: For a virtual organization to function, geographicallydispersed teams need the ability to communicate effectively. But that’s onlyhalf the story. Decision-making has to be delegated and decentralized as well —and that means using data to shake up your culture.

How could organizations achieve intra-and inter-enterprise decentralization?

Enter Blockchain and Decentralized Autonomous Organizations.

Blockchain

As of the writing of this article, Bitcoin (BTC) has hit $17,000.It is incredible to realize that this successful cryptocurrency’s governance isdecentralized. Blockchainis the underlying technology for Bitcoin and most other cryptocurrencies. ButBlockchain is much more than that. Through intra-enterprise transactionalcollaboration, Blockchain could empower geographically distributed networks ofteams.

As we discussed in Blockchainfor Master Data Management, Blockchain can also be a good backbone for many extended enterpriseapplications. For instance, the Covid-19 pandemic highlighted thevulnerabilities in supply chains. Blockchain is one of the criticaltechnologies that could address Supply Chain problems.

The digitallyextended enterprise can use all parts, products, suppliers, warehouses,inventory, documentation, tracing, and financial transaction masters stored onthe Blockchain to function as an efficient and optimized pipeline. ThroughBlockchain, organizations can enact governance, share data, and make autonomousdecisions on the Blockchain.

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs)

What are DOAs? Here is a gooddefinition: “A Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) is anorganization where the rules of operation and organizational logic are encodedas a smart contract on a blockchain … DAO’s […] formulation combines blockchaintechnology, organizational structures, legal entities, workflow execution,governance/voting, incentive structures, and contribution/work.”

Decentralization is at the core of the crypto-currency revolution,and its importance is increasing in the post-Covid-19 era. The Bitcoin Foundation’s Manifesto states:“the technology is completely decentralized, and the founder does not headup an organization that sets the strategy, governance, and standards.” Infact, Bitcoin was the first Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO). Thereis no centralized hub or authority that owns and runs “the Bitcoin.”The governance is by consensus through Bitcoin Improvement Proposals (BIPs).Contrast this how various solutions are governed in, say, centralized financialorganizations such as large Banks, with often archaic and rigid hierarchical structures.Now, there are many DOAs and a robust DAO ecosystem.

If you have been following Blockchain and cryptocurrencies –especially Ethereum – you would have been exposed to Decentralized AutonomousOrganizations (DAOs). The governance, bylaws, and operation of a DAO use SmartContracts executing on the Blockchain. In other words, code running anorganization in a decentralized and distributed network. This approach hasseveral advantages. It allows all the shareholders and employees or otherstakeholders to agree and vote on decisions quickly. Since actual code isexecuted for running the organization, it leaves little to the imagination tointerpret the governing policies. Furthermore, no central government orauthority is regulating a DAO. As we shall see, this is also a weakness of afully autonomous organization executing on the Blockchain.

“DAO” was introduced by Vitalik Buterin – theinventor of Ethereum. As he describes it in a decentralizedorganization guide: “it is an entity that lives on the internet andexists autonomously, but also heavily relies on hiring individuals to performcertain tasks that the automaton itself cannot do.” In his taxonomy ofautomation, including automated agents through AI, Buterin characterizes a DAOas ‘autonomous at the center’ but ‘humans at the edges.’ Thus, the operation,governance of the organization are done through smart contracts executing onthe Blockchain. But humans are also participants and can be involved in A DAOis a Blockchain application.

There are manyadvantages and desirable features of DAOs. But there are also severe vulnerabilitiesand disadvantages.

Blockchain is aboutdecentralization. Therefore, it is not surprising that Blockchain communitiesand cooperatives seek and pursue non-traditional models for cooperation.

  • Binance is one of the largest cryptocurrencyexchanges. According to Cointelegraph, “the business has been operating as an international,decentralized team for over three years already. Remote working is an essentialpart of the Binance culture.”
  • OpenSource in software has always fostered and promoted democratic collaboration.These cultural trends are also giving rise to several community initiatives.Open Source communities are organizations that encourage communication andcooperation – which are, in essence, democratic and “flat.”
  • TheEthereum Foundationencourages collaboration for “development and education to bringdecentralized protocols and tools to the world that empower developers toproduce next-generation decentralized applications (dApps), and together builda more globally accessible, more free and more trustworthy Internet.”
  • Another exciting initiative under the Linux Foundation – that promotesOpen Source projects, among them the umbrella Hyperledger collaboration forBlockchain projects.

DAOs go beyond mere consortia and collaborations and creategovernance and sharing capabilities on the Blockchain via dApps and Smart Contracts.

DAO Ecosystem

There are many categories of products and services thatsupport Decentralized Autonomous Organizations. The following illustrates the DAOEcosystem.

The GeorgeSamman and DavidFreudenreport onDAO: “A Decentralized Governance Layer for the Internet ofValue,” provides a goodoverview of the various categories, tensions, and tradeoffs of DAOs.

The following provides the descriptions for the DAOEcosystems categories:

  • Non-Tech Grants: Giving out grants forsocial, economic, political, and community-based activities.
  • Investment DAOs (for-profit): DAOs thatinvest capital into projects.
  • Decentralized Governance: These companiesare specifically working on building out tools and infrastructure to enabledecentralized governance capabilities to be built into DAOs.
  • DeFi DAOs (for-profit): These DAOs arebuilding out different parts of the Decentralized Finance stack, aka “moneylegos.”
  • Protocols / Organizations: These are theunderlying protocols DAOs are being built on top of. Organizations/Companiesare also creating DAOs for token holders.
  • DSaaS (DAO Software as a Service):Software platforms that provide infrastructure to build out DAOs.

Here are some organizations from some of the DAO Ecosystemcategories:

  • DAOX:In the Non-Tech Grants Category: “Crowdfunding campaigns are launchedusing the Daox Protocol. Each DAO holds the raised funds and is managed by thetransparent voting of its token holders.”
  • Kava: In theDeFi category:“Kava is a multi-asset DeFi platform that offers stablecoins, loans, andother financial services for users of major cryptocurrency assets includingBTC, XRP, BNB, and ATOM to name a few.”
  • Dash DAO:In the Protocols/Organizations category: “In the Dash DAO, decisions aremade by the masternode network, a decentralized and permissionless network thatanyone in the world can be a part of.”
  • Pocket:In the DSaaS category: “Pocket Network’s mission is to ensure thesustainable decentralization of blockchain infrastructure…the most completesystem for blockchain APIs, by way of its all-inclusive relay network andcrypto-economic protocol.”

DOA in Post-Covid-19 Era

Two major cultural themes impact the emergence of DOAs inthis post-Covid-19 era: empowerment of the workers from the virtualizedwork-from-home experiences and the need to optimize cross-enterprisecollaboration in the context of virtual or extended enterprises. DAOs addressboth these significant trends.

It is becoming clear the challenges organizations face to becomeresponsive, agile, or – as our title suggests – autonomic are cultural. As the ecosystem illustrates,slowly but surely, DOAs are becoming a reality.

Therefore, the advantages of DAOs can be summarized asfollows:

  • DAOsEmpowering the Modern Digital Worker: there are irreversible trends inworkers or employees wanting to be more autonomous to become creative,productive, and enjoy their work. We saw that this not a new trend. It is oneof the main characteristics of the cognitive knowledge worker. There areseveral DAOs, and others will emerge. However, government liabilities andrecognition are still a considerable challenge – and will be for theforeseeable future. Blockchain’s most likely scenario for cultural change willbe sub-organizations that leverage elements of a DAO approach. Smart Contractsfor organizational, worker, shareholder, or even customer empowerment canaccelerate and improve decision-making: the crowd’s wisdom
  • DAOsEnabling Inter-Organizational Collaborations: There are mostly yet to bediscovered opportunities for Blockchain assisting flat organizations. SupplyChain is one of the killer applications leveraging Blockchain. The extendedenterprise involved in source-to-target of the supply chain needs to functionas a coordinated whole. DAOs support the governance, visibility, andinformation as well as transaction sharing across the value chain. The corepremise is creating very flexible and dynamic organizations that can rapidlysatisfy customers’ or consumers’ demands and needs. DOAs can achieve this. Blockchainis essential for digital transformation. There is no other technology on thehorizon that is decentralized, fault-tolerant, secure, and reliable for inter-enterprisemaster-data and information sharing.

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Grayscale: World’s biggest Crypto hedge fund holds $8.35 billion worth of Bitcoin

Cryptocurrency hedge fund, Grayscale Investments now holds more than 500,000 Bitcoins in its Bitcoin Trust. Published. 39 mins ago. on. November 18, …

Ethereum whales are obviously cashing out, and transferring their prized digital asset, which is the world’s second most valuable crypto by market value.

Data retrieved from advanced crypto tracker, Whale Alert, revealed that an unknown identity transferred 248,660 ETH (116,890,884 USD – approximately $117 million) from one unknown wallet to another unknown wallet.

READ: List of Cryptos you can buy and sell on PayPal

  • At the time of filing this report, Ethereum traded at $485.14 with a 24-hour trading volume of $12,217,030,960.
  • ETH price is up 4.1% in the last 24 hours. It has a circulating supply of 110 million coins and a max supply of ∞ coins.

READ: Crypto millionaire carts away with $224 million worth of Bitcoin

🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 🚨 248,660 #ETH (116,890,884 USD) transferred from unknown wallet to unknown wallet

Tx: https://t.co/R4Vn19ShwB

— Whale Alert (@whale_alert) November 17, 2020

GTBank 728 x 90

READ: Crypto: Alpha Finance gains 400% in 10 days, supported by a big bank

Nairametrics had earlier observed the high movements by these whales, as large entities have purchased almost half of all the Ethereum mined so far in 2020.

This is clear evidence that major investors are now looking at the future potential of ETH as an investment, despite the recent sell-offs recorded in the second most capitalized crypto market.

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READ: Buying signs: Ethereum whales increase their Ether holdings by 84%

Ethereum supports smart contracts on which developers can write code in order to program digital value. Examples of decentralized apps (dapps) that are built on Ethereum include tokens, non-fungible tokens, decentralized finance apps, lending protocol, decentralized exchanges, and much more.

What you should know

  • Traders or entities who own a large number of Ethereum are typically called Whales.
  • This means that an Ethereum whale would be a single Ethereum address owning around 1,000 Ethereum or more.

Beavering Away at the Conflux Network: A Chinese Blockchain’s Attempt to ‘Fix’ Ethereum

Conflux Network’s public blockchain claims to be more secure, scalable and decentralized than Ethereum. Da bing sat down with co-founder, Fan …

It was on a cold snowy day in January 2020 when your correspondent first visited Conflux Network’s office in China. Situated in the heart of Beijing’s technology zone, Conflux’s office is known for having its mascot, Confi, a blue beaver cartoon character, displayed everywhere.

Conflux is a Layer 1 public blockchain that claims to solve what its founders say is Ethereum’s trilemma—security, scalability and decentralization. It does this via a so-called tree-graph consensus mechanism. At its core, Conflux wants to incentivize parallel block generations, which increase throughput, and unify the data through a tree-graph structure before settling the final transaction on the main blockchain. It’s a different paradigm compared to the more common sharding, state channel and Layer 2 approach.

When I visited, the company was busy developing its mainnet while making a series of announcements with provincial governments. Now, 10 months later, with its mainnet having recently launched, I (virtually) sat down with Fan Long, Conflux’s co-founder and a professor at the University of Toronto’s Computer Science department, to discuss his company’s positioning in an increasingly competitive public blockchain landscape.

Conflux Network’s blue beaver is everywhere.

Made in “Yao’s Class”

This year has seen many promising Layer 1 protocols either go live or make serious progress, including Polkadot, 0x’s Matcha, Near and now Conflux. Each protocol is marketing its own competitive advantage. For Conflux, its message has always centered on having been incubated by the “Yao’s Class.” Professor Andrew Yao is a recipient of the prestigious Turing Award and is the dean of Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences (IIIS) at Tsinghua University, one of the more elite Chinese tech schools. It recruits a highly selective few thousand of the 10 million students who participate in China’s college entrance exam.

Educated both in Yao’s Class and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Long first tinkered with the idea of Conflux, in 2017 after he graduated from MIT and returned to China to hang out with his friends, most of whom graduated from the same place.

After listening to a lecture from Professor Yao, just for kicks, Long and friends started looking into how one might make a blockchain scalable, and subsequently published a paper on the topic. It wasn’t until investors started knocking on their doors that Long decided to turn his research project into a real company.

“Conflux is truly a revolutionary technology that will shape our society simply because it enables a new way to build trust,” Long told me. “It’s a meaningful way to use my expertise in Programming Languages and Security,” two areas in which he concentrated his studies.

Because of its academic roots, Conflux was born with a golden spoon. It stood out in 2018 when most projects had unsurprising, cookie-cutter white papers. Using that legitimacy, Conflux quickly established itself as a government-approved public blockchain, making announcements with provisional governments. That seemed a little secure at a time when many crypto companies, such as OKEx and Huobi, were facing far tougher regulatory scrutiny.

Play a different game and focus on being compliant

The biggest challenge with any public blockchain is to ensure that people actually use it. “We are playing a completely different game than most chains in the world,” Long told me. “Many chains are playing the decentralization game that centers on communities of anarchists. But for us, if blockchain has to evolve to the next stage, it has to be in regulatory compliance with real-world applications.”

That, as Long later emphasized, does not mean a blockchain must stop being permissionless, but it has to be compliant. So, how can it be at once compliant with Chinese regulations—and permissionless and censorship-resistant?

For Long, the question is as yet unanswered, mainly because the blockchain regulatory landscape is still evolving. “Similar to the US government, the Chinese government doesn’t know how to deal with a revolutionary technology such as blockchain,” he said. “There is no instruction book, and no rigid rules. That’s why for us, the first and foremost tactic is to maintain a communication channel on what we are trying to work on so there are no surprises.”

Granted, the communication channel should be left open, but to me, the real question remains: What if the government decides to use its hammer and smash certain features and initiatives? Would Conflux sacrifice its permissionalessness?

Long did not have a good answer, and perhaps that’s why Conflux’s initial use cases focus on applications that don’t touch any sensitive data. An example Long gave was using Conflux to record the details of a building’s lifetime, from its design to its construction and maintenance.

Sounds like one of those blockchain-enabled use cases circa 2017?

Being Ethereum’s Layer 2

Perhaps Long is also aware that developing real-world blockchain use cases could be a Long March. The Conflux team, instead, wants to provide a Conflux-powered infrastructure that allows assets to flow between public blockchains.

“We are watching Ethereum very closely and looking to onboard applications that are handicapped by the transaction fees on it,” Long said. “We’ve also built a cross-chain bridge ShuttleFlow so users can map their BTC and ETH assets 1:1 to the Conflux network, making Conflux function almost like a Layer 2 solution of Ethereum.”

By building this cross-chain bridge, Conflux can tap into Ethereum: once these assets become fluid, they can enter the Conflux ecosystem and be used for all the DeFi games that Ethereum is so good at.

That seems to be the solution for many public blockchains, but the bridge is particularly important for Conflux, because it has no assets of its own. Being the only public blockchain without a token, Long and his team are taking time to design what a Conflux native token would look like.

“There will be a token for governance, and we are talking with the big centralized exchanges. But the challenge is that we want to stay in line with the government until regulation around token issuance becomes clearer.”

Conflux sits at a unique position. It seems like an outright Chinese public blockchain but with technical prominence and a global team. Since most real-world blockchain use cases have thus far yielded little fruit, Conflux has shifted its focus to the burgeoning DeFi community by establishing “Open DeFi,” an alliance aimed at bridging eastern and western DeFi projects.

That sounds great except it isn’t the only one building a bridge. Huobi, one of the largest crypto exchanges, also announced its own DeFi alliance with major DeFi blue chips.

Conflux’s mascot, “Confi.”

Conflux will continue to face fierce competition from both blockchain networks and exchange players. It could play the Far Eastern card from time to time. But the real question remains whether its network can be utilized, either as Layer 1 or Layer 2 of Ethereum. In the meantime, at least it has a cute, blue, beaver mascot.

Do you know?

“梭哈” which means “show hand” in Chinese. It’s widely used by Chinese degens as a way to say “all in.” It used to be all in on DeFi farms. Now perhaps, it is all in on DeFi blue chips.

The One DeFi Resource All Traders Should Be Using

Decentralized finance (DeFi) has become a staple of the cryptocurrency industry as users, companies, and entrepreneurs continue to democratize …

Decentralized finance (DeFi) has become a staple of the cryptocurrency industry as users, companies, and entrepreneurs continue to democratize financial services for the world. A recent report found that the total value locked (TVL) – a popular metric to gauge the industry – is nearly $14 billion across all DeFi protocols.

When thinking about DeFi, the first thing that comes to mind for many people is Uniswap, the decentralized exchange (DEX) that has grown to surpass trading volume on many large centralized exchanges. Not only are cryptocurrency users more sophisticated than before, they now prefer using DEXs as a way of purchasing, trading, and being incentivized with their cryptocurrency.

The benefits of Uniswap are clear. As a DEX, users are always in control of their funds and are immune to common issues on centralized exchanges such as hacks, technical outages, and even interference from third-parties. DEXs do have some drawback. When the Ethereum network is clogged, it can result in high fees and slower processing times. Thankfully, these drawbacks are usually temporary.

One company, Swapfolio, is at the center of this movement as a portfolio management tool that offers a wide array of services and resources for Uniswap users. At the core of Swapfolio’s value proposition is simplicity in how the app functions and with cryptocurrency in general. Recently, Swapfolio announced the release of its alpha product which offers a portfolio manager, personalized price monitoring, trading assistance, and sponsored listings.

Swapfolio was developed by an experienced blockchain team in Southeast Asia with a passion for products that are clean, intuitive, and enjoyable. This led to the realization that the DeFi space was in great need of a tool that provided the most commonly tools used by both experienced and casual traders. This led to the inspiration behind Swapfolio.

Swapfolio team member Barry Chen described the application as a “natural progression” for the industry as users look to adopt more resources that will help them become better traders. Naturally, in the past the DeFi industry was too nascent and resources such as Swapfolio did not exist. This led some traders to resort back to centralized exchanges, which have had their fair share of bad luck this year.

Kucoin, Bitmex, Bitmax, OXEk, and others have all experiences either hacks, outages, or regulatory intervention causing users to experience panic. These were all steady examples that DEXs are much safer in general, especially when users develop a baseline foundation of knowledge.

Chen expanded on the importance of simplicity in a recent Hackernoon article to say, “Our goal is to get casual crowds to feel at ease while using DEX or trading DeFi tokens,” he said, “But this time we want to simplify the experience and make it as easy as possible, with a one-click setup and you’re ready to go. Something intuitive this time.”

A Simple 3 Step Process to Using Swapfolio

Users can set up a Swapfolio dashboard in three simple steps. First, users need to input their public Ethereum (ETH) address or log in via Metamask, a popular browser wallet. Wallets are always configured securely and safely. Second, users can populate all of the tokens they are holding and see them in Swapfolio’s user interface. Lastly, users can start enjoying Swapfolio’s functionality such as seeing prices and trading in just one click.

One important aspect to note is that Uniswap is currently being plagued by projects looking to take advantage of users. This happens through the creation of spoof tokens (which resemble real ones) and rug pulls (trapping and stealing funds from users), and other clever techniques. The industry is growing at such a pace that it is difficult to provide oversight, especially on a DEX. Swapfolio alleviates this burden as they only list and populate tokens that have been proven to be genuine. This eliminates all user error around accidentally buying a spoof token. This is extremely important for the sustained growth of DeFi.

Overall, Uniswap acts as an all-in-one resource to cover all Uniswap needs in real-time. Swapfolio is currently adding more features to the app and focusing on continued development, including building out a watchlist, adding functionality for additional tokens, and closing partnerships with other blockchain companies.Opinions expressed here are the opinions of the author. Influencive does not endorse or review brands mentioned; does not and can not investigate relationships with brands, products, and people mentioned and is up to the author to disclose. VIP Contributors and Contributors, amongst other accounts and articles, are professional fee-based.

Suzie OcieSuzie Ocie

I am a women’s rights activist, running junkie, and eternal marketing student. I help companies market their brand to millennials and gen z. In my spare time, you’ll find playing with my golden retriever and reading the newest business books by my fire.

Published November 15, 2020