Critical Comparison: Aurora Cannabis Inc. (ACB) vs. Alkermes plc (ALKS)

Aurora Cannabis Inc. (NYSE:ACB) shares are up more than 31.85% this year and recently decreased -1.51% or -$0.1 to settle at $6.54. Alkermes plc …

Aurora Cannabis Inc. (NYSE:ACB) shares are up more than 31.85% this year and recently decreased -1.51% or -$0.1 to settle at $6.54. Alkermes plc (NASDAQ:ALKS), on the other hand, is down -24.81% year to date as of 08/10/2019. It currently trades at $22.19 and has returned -0.49% during the past week.

Aurora Cannabis Inc. (NYSE:ACB) and Alkermes plc (NASDAQ:ALKS) are the two most active stocks in the Drug Manufacturers – Other industry based on today’s trading volumes. The market is clearly enthusiastic about both these stocks, but which is the better investment? To answer this, we will compare the two companies based on the strength of their growth, profitability, risk, returns, valuation, analyst recommendations, and insider trends.

Growth

Companies that can consistently grow earnings at a high compound rate usually have the greatest potential to create value for shareholders in the long-run. Comparatively, ALKS is expected to grow at a 0.92% annual rate. All else equal, ALKS’s higher growth rate would imply a greater potential for capital appreciation.

Cash Flow

The value of a stock is simply the present value of its future free cash flows. ACB’s free cash flow (“FCF”) per share for the trailing twelve months was -0.15. Comparatively, ALKS’s free cash flow per share was -0.22. On a percent-of-sales basis, ACB’s free cash flow was -0.35% while ALKS converted -3.16% of its revenues into cash flow. This means that, for a given level of sales, ACB is able to generate more free cash flow for investors.

Valuation

ACB trades at a P/B of 1.90, compared to a P/B of 3.19, and a P/S of 3.37 for ALKS. Given that earnings are what matter most to investors, analysts tend to place a greater weight on the P/E.

Analyst Price Targets and Opinions

When investing it’s crucial to distinguish between price and value. As Warren Buffet said, “price is what you pay, value is what you get”.

Insider Activity and Investor Sentiment

Short interest, or the percentage of a stock’s tradable shares currently being shorted, is another metric investors use to get a pulse on sentiment. ACB has a short ratio of 6.89 compared to a short interest of 3.57 for ALKS. This implies that the market is currently less bearish on the outlook for ALKS.

Summary

Aurora Cannabis Inc. (NYSE:ACB) beats Alkermes plc (NASDAQ:ALKS) on a total of 8 of the 13 factors compared between the two stocks. ACB generates a higher return on investment, has higher cash flow per share, has a higher cash conversion rate and has lower financial risk. In terms of valuation, ACB is the cheaper of the two stocks on book value and sales basis,

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Dissecting the Numbers for American International Group, Inc. (AIG) and CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc …

CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ:CRWD), on the other hand, is up 63.62% year to date as of 08/10/2019. It currently trades at $94.90 and has …

American International Group, Inc. (NYSE:AIG) shares are up more than 42.76% this year and recently decreased -0.99% or -$0.56 to settle at $56.26. CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ:CRWD), on the other hand, is up 63.62% year to date as of 08/10/2019. It currently trades at $94.90 and has returned 7.83% during the past week.

American International Group, Inc. (NYSE:AIG) and CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ:CRWD) are the two most active stocks in the Property & Casualty Insurance industry based on today’s trading volumes. To determine if one is a better investment than the other, we will compare the two companies’ growth, profitability, risk, return, and valuation characteristics, as well as their analyst ratings and sentiment signals.

Growth

Companies that can increase earnings at a high compound rate over time are attractive to investors. Analysts expect AIG to grow earnings at a 49.51% annual rate over the next 5 years.

Profitability and Returns

Growth in and of itself is not necessarily valuable, and it can even be harmful to shareholders if companies overinvest in unprofitable projects in pursuit of that growth. We will use EBITDA margin and Return on Investment (ROI), which adjust for differences in capital structure, as measure of profitability and return. American International Group, Inc. (AIG) has an EBITDA margin of 15.18%. This suggests that AIG underlying business is more profitable AIG’s ROI is 1.60% while CRWD has a ROI of 28.30%. The interpretation is that CRWD’s business generates a higher return on investment than AIG’s.

Cash Flow

Earnings don’t always accurately reflect the amount of cash that a company brings in. AIG’s free cash flow (“FCF”) per share for the trailing twelve months was -4.89. Comparatively, CRWD’s free cash flow per share was -0.09. On a percent-of-sales basis, AIG’s free cash flow was -8.97% while CRWD converted -0.01% of its revenues into cash flow. This means that, for a given level of sales, CRWD is able to generate more free cash flow for investors.

Valuation

AIG trades at a forward P/E of 10.97, a P/B of 0.82, and a P/S of 1.02, compared to a P/S of 67.76 for CRWD. AIG is the cheaper of the two stocks on sales basis but is expensive in terms of P/E and P/B ratio. Given that earnings are what matter most to investors, analysts tend to place a greater weight on the P/E.

Analyst Price Targets and Opinions

Investors often compare a stock’s current price to an analyst price target to get a sense of the potential upside within the next year. AIG is currently priced at a -2.16% to its one-year price target of 57.50. Comparatively, CRWD is 7.77% relative to its price target of 88.06. This suggests that AIG is the better investment over the next year.

Insider Activity and Investor Sentiment

Analysts often look at short interest, or the percentage of a company’s float currently being shorted by investors, to aid in their outlook for a particular stock. AIG has a short ratio of 3.73 compared to a short interest of 0.62 for CRWD. This implies that the market is currently less bearish on the outlook for CRWD.

Summary

CrowdStrike Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ:CRWD) beats American International Group, Inc. (NYSE:AIG) on a total of 10 of the 14 factors compared between the two stocks. CRWD is growing fastly, has higher cash flow per share, has a higher cash conversion rate, higher liquidity and has lower financial risk. In terms of valuation, CRWD is the cheaper of the two stocks on an earnings and book value, Finally, CRWD has better sentiment signals based on short interest.

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Can Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX)’s Sales Growth YoY of 0.82378 Entice Investors?

Potential Investors often look for key drivers that can move a stock in a positive direction. One of those is sales growth. Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) of the …

Potential Investors often look for key drivers that can move a stock in a positive direction. One of those is sales growth. Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) of the Software & Computer Services sector, witnessed sales growth of 0.82378 year over year. The firm has a traded value of 124436 and has its headquarters in United States of America.

Investors are always striving to locate the next great stock to add to the portfolio. Finding that next winner may involve some dedicated research and perseverance. Sorting through the immense amount of information about public companies can be a chore. Many sharp investors will attack the equity markets from many various angles. This may encompass keeping close tabs on fundamental and technical data. This may also include monitoring analyst opinions and tracking institutional transactions.

So how has Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) performed in terms of returns? The ROIC quality score stands at -0.821712 whilet he actual return on invested capital holds at 0.055830. Alteryx, Inc.’s book to market ratio is at 0.040259 while the book to market mean difference is -0.04152. This indicator tells you how a company is currently valued in terms of Book to Market compared to its average Book to Market over the past 10 years. It’s important to note that BM is the inverse of the Price to book ratio. Thus a high BM ratio means a company is undervalued.

In glancing at some key ratios we note that the Piotroski F-Score is at 5 (1 to 10 scale) and the ERP5 rank is at 14078. The Q.I. Value of Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) currently reads 56.00000 on the Quant scale. The Free Cash Flow score of 30.575548 is also swinging some momentum at investors. The United States of America based firm is currently valued at 124436.

Some other notable ratios include the Accrual Ratio of 1.073402, the Altman Z score of 16.391729, a Montier C-Score of 1.00000 and a Value Composite rank of 80.

Debt

In looking at some Debt ratios, Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) currently has a debt to equity ratio of 0.62629 and a Free Cash Flow to Debt ratio of 0.094503. This ratio gives insight as to how high the firm’s total debt is compared to its free cash flow generated. In terms of Net Debt to EBIT, that ratio stands at -6.78114. This ratio reveals how easily a firm is able to pay interest and capital on its net outstanding debt. The lower the ratio the better as that indicates that the company is able to meet its interest and capital payments. Lastly we’ll take note of the Net Debt to Market Value ratio. Alteryx, Inc.’s ND to MV current stands at -0.015194. This ratio is calculated as follows: Net debt (Total debt minus Cash ) / Market value of the company.

Investors are constantly trying to make smart moves in the stock market. Taking stock of personal strengths and weaknesses can help the investor attack the market with heightened focus. Often times, individuals may fall into traps that could have been avoided. Coming up with a sound investment plan and setting realistic expectations may help the novice investor become better prepared and focused. Positive returns are attainable with the proper preparation and dedication. Investors working with a longer-term plan might be approaching the stock market from a completely different angle than a shorter-term trader. Investors who plan to be in the market for a long period of time may not be as concerned about the day to day fluctuations as short-term traders.

Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) are showing an adjusted slope average of the past 125 and 250 days of 174.96935. The Adjusted Slope 125/250d indicator is equal to the average annualized exponential regression slope, over the past 125 and 250 trading days, multiplied by the coefficient of determination (R2). The purpose of this calculation is to provide a longer term average adjusted slope value that levels out large share price movements by using the average. This indicator is useful in helping find stocks that have been on a smooth upward trend over the past 6 months to a year.

Drilling down into some additional key near-term indicators we note that the Capex to PPE ratio stands at 0.148664 for Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX). The Capex to PPE ratio shows you how capital intensive a company is. Stocks with an increasing (year over year) ratio may be moving to be more capital intensive and often underperform the market. Higher Capex also often means lower Free Cash Flow (Operating cash flow – Capex) generation and lower dividends as companies don’t have the cash to pay dividends if they are investing more in the business.

A highly common way to study stocks is through fundamental analysis. Investors examining the fundamentals may be analyzing the underlying factors that can affect the performance of a particular company. When focusing in on a specific company, investors will look at company management, financial information, business prospects, and industry competition. The goal of digging into the numbers is often times a way to calculate the current value of a company and try to gauge the value into the future. Zooming in on the vital statistics of a company can help provide a glimpse of the company’s overall health.

Potential Investors often look for key drivers that can move a stock in a positive direction. One of those is sales growth. Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) of the Software & Computer Services sector, witnessed sales growth of 0.82378 year over year. The firm has a traded value of 124436 and has its headquarters in United States of America.

Investors are always striving to locate the next great stock to add to the portfolio. Finding that next winner may involve some dedicated research and perseverance. Sorting through the immense amount of information about public companies can be a chore. Many sharp investors will attack the equity markets from many various angles. This may encompass keeping close tabs on fundamental and technical data. This may also include monitoring analyst opinions and tracking institutional transactions.

So how has Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) performed in terms of returns? The ROIC quality score stands at -0.821712 whilet he actual return on invested capital holds at 0.055830. Alteryx, Inc.’s book to market ratio is at 0.040259 while the book to market mean difference is -0.04152. This indicator tells you how a company is currently valued in terms of Book to Market compared to its average Book to Market over the past 10 years. It’s important to note that BM is the inverse of the Price to book ratio. Thus a high BM ratio means a company is undervalued.

In glancing at some key ratios we note that the Piotroski F-Score is at 5 (1 to 10 scale) and the ERP5 rank is at 14078. The Q.I. Value of Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) currently reads 56.00000 on the Quant scale. The Free Cash Flow score of 30.575548 is also swinging some momentum at investors. The United States of America based firm is currently valued at 124436.

Some other notable ratios include the Accrual Ratio of 1.073402, the Altman Z score of 16.391729, a Montier C-Score of 1.00000 and a Value Composite rank of 80.

Debt

In looking at some Debt ratios, Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) currently has a debt to equity ratio of 0.62629 and a Free Cash Flow to Debt ratio of 0.094503. This ratio gives insight as to how high the firm’s total debt is compared to its free cash flow generated. In terms of Net Debt to EBIT, that ratio stands at -6.78114. This ratio reveals how easily a firm is able to pay interest and capital on its net outstanding debt. The lower the ratio the better as that indicates that the company is able to meet its interest and capital payments. Lastly we’ll take note of the Net Debt to Market Value ratio. Alteryx, Inc.’s ND to MV current stands at -0.015194. This ratio is calculated as follows: Net debt (Total debt minus Cash ) / Market value of the company.

Investors are constantly trying to make smart moves in the stock market. Taking stock of personal strengths and weaknesses can help the investor attack the market with heightened focus. Often times, individuals may fall into traps that could have been avoided. Coming up with a sound investment plan and setting realistic expectations may help the novice investor become better prepared and focused. Positive returns are attainable with the proper preparation and dedication. Investors working with a longer-term plan might be approaching the stock market from a completely different angle than a shorter-term trader. Investors who plan to be in the market for a long period of time may not be as concerned about the day to day fluctuations as short-term traders.

Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX) are showing an adjusted slope average of the past 125 and 250 days of 174.96935. The Adjusted Slope 125/250d indicator is equal to the average annualized exponential regression slope, over the past 125 and 250 trading days, multiplied by the coefficient of determination (R2). The purpose of this calculation is to provide a longer term average adjusted slope value that levels out large share price movements by using the average. This indicator is useful in helping find stocks that have been on a smooth upward trend over the past 6 months to a year.

Drilling down into some additional key near-term indicators we note that the Capex to PPE ratio stands at 0.148664 for Alteryx, Inc. (NYSE:AYX). The Capex to PPE ratio shows you how capital intensive a company is. Stocks with an increasing (year over year) ratio may be moving to be more capital intensive and often underperform the market. Higher Capex also often means lower Free Cash Flow (Operating cash flow – Capex) generation and lower dividends as companies don’t have the cash to pay dividends if they are investing more in the business.

A highly common way to study stocks is through fundamental analysis. Investors examining the fundamentals may be analyzing the underlying factors that can affect the performance of a particular company. When focusing in on a specific company, investors will look at company management, financial information, business prospects, and industry competition. The goal of digging into the numbers is often times a way to calculate the current value of a company and try to gauge the value into the future. Zooming in on the vital statistics of a company can help provide a glimpse of the company’s overall health.

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Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR)’s Sales Growth of -0.02735 Is Turning Heads

Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) of the Technology Hardware & Equipment sector might have recently popped up on investor’s radars as the …

Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) of the Technology Hardware & Equipment sector might have recently popped up on investor’s radars as the 2716681 market cap company based out of United States of America recently closed at 22.670000. The stock has seen year over year sales growth of -0.02735 giving it a traded value of $25930.

Investors may be combing through all the latest earnings reports and trying to make sense of all the numbers. With lots of information readily available, investors may be searching for that next batch of stocks to add to the portfolio. Finding high quality stocks may be at the top of the investor’s checklist. Once high quality stocks are spotted, the investor may be then looking for bargains among those stocks. Many investors will look for stocks that have displayed consistent earnings growth over an extended period of time. When a company drastically over performs for a quarter, investors may be quick to investigate. The same things may be done if a company severely underperforms compared to projections.

Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) closed the recent session at 22.670000 with a market value of $2716681.

Investors may be analyzing the portfolio as we continue to move closer to the end of the year. Studying first half results may assist to identify trades that panned out, and those that didn’t. Keeping tabs on pervious trade outcomes may be a good way to accurately see what actually happened. It may be necessary to dig a little deeper to try and figure out why certain trades worked, and why others did not. Many investors may feel like they have missed the boat, and they may be wondering if stocks will see increased momentum closing out the year. Attaining comprehensive knowledge of the markets may take years to truly figure out. Combining technical analysis and tracking fundamentals may help the investor see the complete picture and develop confidence for trading into the future. Being able to sift through the endless sea of information may take some perseverance and extreme focus.

Turning to some key growth data as decimals. One year cash flow growth ratio is calculated on a trailing 12 months basis and is a one year percentage growth of a firm’s cash flow from operations. This number stands at -1.00000 for Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR). The one year Growth EBIT ratio stands at -2.60534 and is a calculation of one year growth in earnings before interest and taxes. The one year EBITDA growth number holds at -0.38327 which is calculated similarly to EBIT Growth with just the addition of amortization.

Taking even a further look we note that the 1 year Free Cash Flow (FCF) Growth is at -1.00000. The one year growth in Net Profit after Tax is 0.10210 and lastly sales growth was -0.02735.

When deciding how to best approach the stock market, individual investors may need to figure out what their time horizon is going to be. Short-term traders may only be looking to hold stocks for a short period in order to capitalize on fluctuations. Longer-term investors may be looking at more of a buy and hold strategy, and they may not be very concerned with the day to day shifts of a stock’s price. Accumulating as much knowledge as possible about specific stocks and the markets in general can help the investor prepare for success. Because there is no magic strategy that can be employed to guarantee profits, investors may need to evaluate multiple methods before choosing which one to pursue.

Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) has a current suggested portfolio ownership target rate of 0.05310 (as a decimal) ownership. Target weight is the volatility adjusted recommended position size for a stock in your portfolio. The maximum target weight is 7% for any given stock. The indicator is based off of the 100 day volatility reading and calculates a target weight accordingly. The more recent volatility of a stock, the lower the target weight will be. The 3-month volatility stands at 20.270200 (decimal), the 6-month at 18.339600 and the 12-month at 38.412100. This is the normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over three months annualized.

Taking look at some key returns and margins data we can note the following: Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) has Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) of -0.023427, with a 5-year average of 0.101483 and an ROIC quality score of 5.856383. Why is ROIC important? It’s one of the most fundamental metrics in determining the value of a given stock. It helps potential investors determine if the firm is using it’s invested capital to return profits.

Changing lanes and looking at some Debt ratios, Finisar Corporation (NasdaqGS:FNSR) has a debt to equity ratio of 0.31726 and a Free Cash Flow to Debt ratio of 0.000000. This ratio provides insight as to how high the firm’s total debt is compared to its free cash flow generated. In terms of Net Debt to EBIT, that ratio stands at 15.41600. This ratio reveals how easily a company is able to pay interest and capital on its net outstanding debt. The lower the ratio the better as that indicates that the company is able to meet its interest and capital payments. Lastly we’ll take note of the Net Debt to Market Value ratio. Finisar Corporation’s ND to MV current stands at -0.148004. This ratio is calculated as follows: Net debt (Total debt minus Cash ) / Market value of the company.

When looking back historically at the stock market, it is easy to see that there are always extended periods of upturns and downturns. The speed at which the market can shift can cause even the most experienced investors stomachs to turn. When times are good and markets are rising, it can be easy to forget that a downturn may be just around the corner. Being prepared for sudden changes can help the investor plan for the unknown as best they can. Getting caught off guard can be extremely disconcerting and lead to irrational decision making. There is rarely any substitute for extensive study and focused dedication. Investors who put in the extra time to create a backup plan may be better able to traverse the road when the market environment inevitably shifts.

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Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) Cash Flow Changes 0.09347 YoY

Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) has seen cash flow growth over the past year of 0.09347. Cash flow and cash flow growth can reveal to an investor …

Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) has seen cash flow growth over the past year of 0.09347. Cash flow and cash flow growth can reveal to an investor how quickly the firm is generating inflows of cash from their business operations.

When conducting stock analysis, investors have a wide array of various classifications to choose from. Growth stocks generally have the potential to produce above average profit growth and revenues. These types of stocks tend to expand quicker than the economy as a whole. Investors also have the option of adding cyclical stocks to the portfolio. Cyclicals are generally companies whose earnings and sales are highly correlated with that of the overall economy. When the economy is doing well, cyclical stocks may be more in favor. Investors may decide to go in another direction when the economy is dragging. When an economic downturn is underway, investors may choose to select defensive stocks. These types of stocks generally stand up well during down periods based on their insulation from the business cycle. Investors also have the option of purchasing foreign stocks to help add some diversity to the portfolio.

In taking a look at some other key growth stats we note that the one year Growth EBIT ratio stands at 0.74578 for Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) and is a calculation of one year growth in earnings before interest and taxes. The one year EBITDA growth number stands at 0.56120 which is calculated similarly to EBIT Growth with just the addition of amortization.

Taking even a further look we note that the 1 year Free Cash Flow (FCF) Growth is at -0.01185. The one year growth in Net Profit after Tax is -0.31701 and lastly sales growth was -0.12894.

Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) has a present suggested portfolio ownership rate of 0.01110 (as a decimal) ownership. Target weight is the volatility adjusted recommended position size for a stock in your portfolio. The maximum target weight is 7% for any given holding. The indicator is based off of the 100 day volatility reading and calculates a target weight accordingly. The more recent volatility of a stock, the lower the target weight will be. The 3-month volatility stands at 68.630900 (decimal). This is the normal returns and standard deviation of the stock price over three months annualized.

Diving down into some additional near-term indicators we see that the Capex to PPE ratio stands at 0.264201 for Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI). The Capex to PPE ratio shows you how capital intensive a company is. Stocks with an increasing (year over year) ratio may be moving to be more capital intensive and often underperform the market. Higher Capex also often means lower Free Cash Flow (Operating cash flow – Capex) generation and lower dividends as companies don’t have the cash to pay dividends if they are investing more in the business.

Once the investor has calculated risk and decided on a suitable time horizon, they may be wondering how to best start doing research on particular stocks and the market in general. Working from the top and filtering down, investors may start by studying the overall economy, specific industries, and other markets. Economic trends can have an influence on company earnings, and it is generally beneficial to be aware of what is going on locally and around the globe. Individual investors may decide that they want to start from the bottom and work their way up. This may involve studying specific stocks and looking for ones that are strong, cheap, and solidly performing on the earnings front. Some individuals will combine both methods with the goal of understanding all aspects that could possibly affect the stock market.

In looking at some key ratios we note that the Piotroski F Score stands at 6 (1 to 10 scale) and the ERP5 rank holds steady at 470. The Q.I. Value of Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI) currently reads 25.00000 on the Quant scale. The Free Cash Flow score of 1.043259 is also swinging some momentum at investors. The United States of America based firm is currently valued at 15384.

Some other notable ratios include the Accrual Ratio of 0.237598, the Altman Z score of 1.872001, a Montier C-Score of 3.00000 and a Value Composite rank of 2.

Investing in the stock market can be highly challenging. Most investors have the same intentions of trying to maximize profits from investment capital. Realizing that there are many unknowns in the market, investors will need to make sure that they are constantly staying on top of the current economic scene. As most investors know, the market can see big shifts on a daily basis. Being able to deal with the constant ups and downs can be a huge asset to the individual investor’s psyche. Because stock market investing can get highly emotional at times, investors often have to find a way to keep a clear head and make the best possible decisions even when the market terrain gets rocky. Many successful investors have created a plan that they have been able to adhere to through the thick and thin.

In addition to Capex to PPE we can look at Cash Flow to Capex. This ration compares a stock’s operating cash flow to its capital expenditure and can identify if a firm can generate enough cash to meet investment needs. Investors are looking for a ratio greater than one, which indicates that the firm can meet that need. Comparing to other firms in the same industry is relevant for this ratio. Laredo Petroleum, Inc. (NYSE:LPI)’s Cash Flow to Capex stands at 0.850086.

Investing in the stock market can be highly challenging. Most investors have the same intentions of trying to maximize profits from investment capital. Realizing that there are many unknowns in the market, investors will need to make sure that they are constantly staying on top of the current economic scene. As most investors know, the market can see big shifts on a daily basis. Being able to deal with the constant ups and downs can be a huge asset to the individual investor’s psyche. Because stock market investing can get highly emotional at times, investors often have to find a way to keep a clear head and make the best possible decisions even when the market terrain gets rocky. Many successful investors have created a plan that they have been able to adhere to through the thick and thin.