Hyperledger’s Behlendorf on embracing Ethereum, why enterprise blockchain will be permissioned …

The royal flush of enterprise blockchain approaches … that there’s a major missing approach to building distributed ledger now inside Hyperledger.

This is the first part of an extensive interview with Hyperledger Director Brian Behlendorf in advance of the Hyperledger Global Forum which takes place in Phoenix USA on March 3-6. Register by February 18th to get the discounted rates.

Highlights

  • Hyperledger to serve as a bridge across the spectrum of permissioned to permissionless blockchains
  • Hyperledger has a royal flush of different approaches to enterprise blockchain
  • Unsure if there’s room for a seventh, but possible consolidation
  • Enterprise Ethereum Alliance compared to Hyperledger: standards versus software
  • Permissioned networks need to become more decentralized
  • Vast majority of transactions will be on permissioned blockchains indefinitely

Thejourney started with a 2016 visit to Shanghai

Behlendorf: I guess the kind of biggest thing that came in last year was Hyperledger Besu, and one of my first trips as the leader of this project was to China in 2016 to the second Ethereum Devcon in Shanghai. Mainly I wanted to go because I wanted to learn more about Ethereum. And I actually had met Vitalik and Bo Shen when they did their original ICO fundraise for this a year earlier.

Butreally, I wanted to see what the developer community was like aroundit and be super sharp about where we were going to positionHyperledger when it came to permissioned versus permissionlessblockchains.

Becausecertainly at the time, and even to a large extent today, thetechnology worlds behind public and permissioned are very differentand very different consensus mechanisms; very different algorithms;communities of developers with very different ideas about use casesand that sort of thing.

Aspectrum from permissioned to public

Butwhat became clear to me while there, was that it was eventually goingto be more of a spectrum. That as permissioned blockchains gotlarger, they would probably need to inherit and learn from theexperiences and maybe even adopt some of the algorithms that thepublic ledger communities were starting to pioneer.

Notso much around proof of work. I think there’s still a lot ofskepticism in the enterprise space around that, if only for theenergy load, that sort of thing. And not so much for the DAOdistributed autonomous organization kind of automated robotization ofmanagement kind of ideas.

But partly for how do you do these things really at scale? And so I felt it was important to have an olive branch out to that community. And make sure that as the permissioned side of the blockchain world grew in acceptance and deployment, that we could evolve Hyperledger to a point where it could serve as a bridge across the spectrum.

Hyperledger Global Forum

Iwas still pretty adamant I did not want Hyperledger to be running amain net or a token. I told people that you’ll never see a hypercoin. I still believe that. And thereby avoid the minting money outof thin air kind of thing.

ConsenSyswas part of original 2015 Hyperledger cohort

LikeI said, it was important to be close to the technology, and thatmeant being close to ConsenSys. ConsenSys was one of the companieswhich was in the initial cohort ofcompaniesinvolved with Hyperledger at the announcement in 2015, and they werearound for a year. They kind of went off and focused on publicblockchains and the ICO market for a while.

Butstarting about two years ago, they cameback around and realized the enterprise space was going to beimportant to them. And prior to last year, one project came in calledBurrow, which was a tiny piece of Ethereum technology, as well as arelationship with the EnterpriseEthereum Alliance.

Sowhen ConsenSys said: “Hey, we’ve been building this alternativestack for Ethereum enterprise technologies that could run both publicmain net Ethereum, as well as permissioned blockchains, and we’rebuilding it to be Apache licensed,” it felt like ready-made forHyperledger.

Soa lot of diplomacy, (we had) a lot of conversations with engineersabout how open source works, but also how Hyperledger’s communityworks, through a lot of conversations with the existing Hyperledgercommunity leaders. We brought in Besuand had a very frank and public conversation about how all of thisshould work. And that led to the project being accepted. And now it’sin.

Theroyal flush of enterprise blockchain approaches

I’mnot going to say that we’re done adding new frameworks. But the sixthat we have now represent a pretty royal flush of all the differentkinds of approaches I think you could take to building enterpriseblockchains.

Fabric,which is very much like the granddaddy of the project, it just hit2.0. You saw the announcementof that. It’s still the most widely deployed enterprise blockchainplatform out there. Very flexible, very much an operating system,very generalizable.

Andthen, we’ve got the one focused on identity (Indy).You’ve got the one focused on digital assets, Iroha.The one focused on being a bridge to public and private being Besu.And then Sawtoothwhich is still a more experimental platform. Those six (includingBurrow),I don’t know if there’s room for a seventh, to be honest.

Thecommunity will decide

Thegood news is it’s not up to me. It’s really up to the community.

The community had to be convinced there is room for Besu, as a number six. I would say we might even consider seeing consolidation before we see expansion of that set, but anything’s possible.

It’shard for me to say that there’s a major missing approach to buildingdistributed ledger now inside Hyperledger.

AnotherEthereum link – Hyperledger Avalon

We’vehad a few other projects come in recently, such as HyperledgerAvalon, which is the main other one that I’ll highlight. Avalonis an implementation, actually again it’s Ethereum related because itis implementing a specification that came out of the EnterpriseEthereum Alliance around what they call the TrustedCompute Framework.

It’sa generalizable way of trying to describe privacy on blockchains,whether that’s implemented through secure enclaves, like Intel’schips or through zero-knowledge systems. And in doing that it mightbe a way for us to bring that better balance between confidentialityand auditability, which is the whole point of using blockchainsanyways. If you want confidential, don’t put it on a blockchain,right?

Butwhat we also want is the ability to, you know, track spending, theability to track a diamond as it goes through the supply chainwithout revealing every intermediary’s complete business flows.

Soproject Avalon is really about moving us further along those lines asa whole community. It’s more of a library. It’s more of a set ofconcepts and tools right now. But I hope that we’ll start to see thefirst deployment of that into at least pilot environments this year.

Q:Can you clarify your relationship with the Enterprise EthereumAlliance (EEA)? Because as an outsider you look like you have moreand more overlap.

SoI see some pretty sharp distinctions. One is, and this is true in alot of other technology domains, it’s really, really good to have astandards body in a domain separate from the leading open sourceproject in a domain or from the open source projects in a domain.

Thekinds of stakeholders you want to pull together around a standard.The kinds of IP processes you want to manage in the development of astandard. The fact that (for) a standard, once you eventually set it,it (should) not really be changed all that often. So there’s a lot ofpressure when you publish it to make sure you’ve gotten it exactlyright.

Whereaswith software these days, you know, being agile and publishingupdates frequently and continuing to refine and add features, thatsort of thing is important.

Allof these lead to very different collaboration cultures and differentorganizational structures, even different agreements between theparticipants. And so we’ve always said that Hyperledger is not astandards body. And it’s important for somebody else out there to bedoing that kind of work.

Ifnot the EEA then another standards body

Soif the EEA hadn’t come along, I would expect that you would have seensome other type of enterprise blockchain standards alliance comealong that perhaps wasn’t directly focused on Ethereum. Andobviously, there’s standards efforts at ISO and the identity relatedstandards work and a couple of other works, and all that iscompletely compatible with Hyperledger.

It’snice for the development teams at Hyperledger to have the choice ofwhich standards to implement, how quickly, and potentially even comeup with new de facto standards that could eventually get proposedupstream to somebody else’s standards body.

Sothat’s going to be a pretty sharp distinction between us and the EEA.And that’s borne fruit for us in, for example, project Avalon.Hyperledger being able to now take this standard defined elsewhereand build implementations of it. So that’s something that I think isimportant to keep in mind. And it’s always good to know where theboundaries are in any relationship like this. That’s just kept itvery productive.

Q:Do you have any views on the path of some applications moving ontopublic?

Ithink it’s inevitable that there will be some applications running onthe public ledger networks. DeFi seems to be the kind of thing takingoff there. But I think the vast majority of transactions for ageneration at least, and I don’t see any reason why this changesafter the generation frankly, will take place on permissionedblockchains.

Thereasons for that include a blockchain use case will probably define acertain jurisdictional kind of coverage. This blockchain is governedby the laws of country X or GDPR or something like that. And often,those regulations will have some sort of data residency requirements,and privacy requirements that will be really hard to enforce if youdon’t have the ability to bind all the different participants with acopy of the dataset to a set of agreements.

Hopefully,you can use smart contracts and others to provide a lot ofconfidentiality. But you know, if you and I have some sort ofbusiness arrangement and you end up with a copy of data, there’s nosmart contract in the world that can delete that data out of yourhands if I wished it.

Therehas to be, in many cases, a contractual relationship between partiesthat describes the use of that data no matter how thoroughly we’veencrypted it on whatever blockchain we’re using. And so for mostparticipants, most people, they’ll want that kind of agreement boundinto the network.

Permissionedbut more decentralized

Nowthe thing that permissioned networks need to do is themselves be moredecentralized than many of the ones that you see today. I think, manyof these networks that have launched, they’re still somewhat in theirearly stages, where it makes sense to have one technology partner tohelp bootstrap to get everyone on board and push it forward.

Butmy take is, as soon as they’re in production, you should be open toadding nodes to that network, not only from other end users. If it’sa banking network from other banks, that sort of thing if theyqualify and are able to sign whatever participation agreement isrequired. But also from other technology providers, from other cloudproviders or from nodes that are hosted by the end users themselves.

Ithink if you do that, and then I think if you also make it easy forsmall and midsize businesses to either participate as kind of fullyvested citizens on a blockchain, able to submit transactions, reviewtransactions, confirm the validity of transactions. Or do thatthrough an intermediary of some sort, with the choice of who to trustin doing that. If you make it easy for small, midsize businesses tojoin these blockchains, then that basically erases the advantage ofdoing some of these things as a public blockchain, which isaccessibility.

Accessibilityand blurry lines between permissioned and public

Arguablythat’s the main reason why advocates of public blockchains forenterprise use cases are advocates. They say it’s because then youdon’t have to ask anybody for permission. You just jump on and startengaging. I have no doubt that even enterprise stuff done on publicchains will still implement access control, or KYC (know yourcustomer) or some other type of criteria threshold in order toparticipate.

Andso I think this is why I’m saying that the line between permissionedand public will get awfully blurry. I do think that the vast majorityof transactions will be taking place on permissioned blockchainsindefinitely. Just because that’s an architectural model that mosttechnologists and most companies are going to find more familiar.


Image Copyright: Ledger Insights, Hyperledger

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Bitcoin, Ethereum are most profitable investments of the decade

As the decade draws to a close, it’s time to look at the investments that were the most successful. And, unsurprisingly, cryptocurrencies top the list of …

As the decade draws to a close, it’s time to look at the investments that were the most successful. And, unsurprisingly, cryptocurrencies top the list of the most profitable investments of the decade.

Up first, is Bitcoin. The first cryptocurrency, built by an anonymous programmer known as Satoshi Nakamoto, it led to the creation of many Bitcoin forks—alternative versions running on similar code—and thousands of altcoins, either using the same code or trying out new features. But, if you got in early, you had the chance to make a quick buck.

Since the first bitcoin was available for trading, its price has accelerated 62,500 percent. Outshining many traditional stocks, it even spawned an entire culture built around prices “mooning” and the promise of lovingly labelled “lambos.” Due to the extreme rise, many critics have called it a Ponzi Scheme and say that its price pumps are bubbles that keep popping. But despite the criticism, an entire industry has been built around Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, leading many countries around the world to start adoption blockchain technology.

Much of the promise of blockchain technology can be seen with Ethereum. It offers features known as smart contracts, which allow for the creation of decentralized apps. These have interesting applications, particularly in the world of finance.

The price of Ethereum has shot up too. Even though the price has dropped heavily since its all-time high in January 2018, the price of Ethereum is still up by 17,900 percent. One ETH is currently worth $132.

However, some traditional stocks have not been far off. Netflix had a strong performance this decade, rising 4,280 percent. It’s not too surprising given how ubiquitous it now is. Even new films are now launching on Netflix instead of heading to the cinema. But it’s epic rise has led to an increase in the number of competitor video streaming companies. Will it be able to fend off the competition going into 2020?

Along with the rise of Netflix, and watching TV at home in general, another company did particularly well. Domino’s Pizza saw an increase in share price of 3,000 percent. Who knew pizza and TV were a winning combination?

In line with the trend of not needing to go outside, Amazon grew considerably in the last decade, rising 1,250 percent. It’s worth noting that not only does Amazon ship products to your door but it also offers a TV streaming service. What’s next, Amazon pizza?

Those doing yoga, trying to work off the 1,000 calorie pizzas, helped to boost the price of Lululemon shares, a retailer known for creating activewear and clothes for “most other sweaty pursuits.” They rose by 1,300 percent.

On a different track, healthcare company Abiomed saw a 2,000 percent rise in the last decade. It creates medical devices, such as artificial hearts.

Shotly behind Amazon is NVIDIA, known for creating computer chips. Interestingly, it pulled in $1.95 billion in revenue from its crypto mining business. But it wasn’t without controversy. In September, critics accused it of surreptitiously influencing the development of an upgrade to the Ethereum network. But nothing was ever proved.

Other profitable investments of the decade were payments processors, including Mastercard and VISA, up 1,100 percent and 760 percent respectively. Google shares rose by 350 percent and Apple shares went up by 840 percent.

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Ethereum Gold Project Market Capitalization Reaches $47657.00 (ETGP)

Ethereum Gold Project (CURRENCY:ETGP) traded 3.1% lower against the dollar during the one day period ending at 8:00 AM ET on December 30th.

Ethereum Gold Project (CURRENCY:ETGP) traded 3.1% lower against the dollar during the one day period ending at 8:00 AM ET on December 30th. During the last seven days, Ethereum Gold Project has traded 10.6% lower against the dollar. Ethereum Gold Project has a total market capitalization of $47,657.00 and approximately $30,051.00 worth of Ethereum Gold Project was traded on exchanges in the last day. One Ethereum Gold Project token can currently be purchased for $0.0000 or 0.00000000 BTC on popular exchanges including Mercatox, Hotbit and Token Store.

Here is how similar cryptocurrencies have performed during the last day:

  • Huobi Token (HT) traded 0.6% lower against the dollar and now trades at $2.80 or 0.00037999 BTC.
  • Maker (MKR) traded up 1.7% against the dollar and now trades at $444.52 or 0.06026872 BTC.
  • Crypto.com Coin (CRO) traded 0.7% lower against the dollar and now trades at $0.0344 or 0.00000466 BTC.
  • IOStoken (IOST) traded down 0.3% against the dollar and now trades at $0.0396 or 0.00000526 BTC.
  • FTX Token (FTT) traded down 0.6% against the dollar and now trades at $2.20 or 0.00029867 BTC.
  • OKB (OKB) traded up 2.9% against the dollar and now trades at $2.72 or 0.00036822 BTC.
  • Sai (DAI) traded up 0.3% against the dollar and now trades at $1.01 or 0.00011869 BTC.
  • Seele (SEELE) traded 0.6% lower against the dollar and now trades at $0.14 or 0.00001874 BTC.
  • ZB Token (ZB) traded up 0.7% against the dollar and now trades at $0.19 or 0.00002571 BTC.
  • THETA (THETA) traded up 5.5% against the dollar and now trades at $0.0923 or 0.00001252 BTC.

Ethereum Gold Project Token Profile

Ethereum Gold Project (CRYPTO:ETGP) is a token. Its launch date was October 13th, 2017. Ethereum Gold Project’s total supply is 6,000,000,000 tokens and its circulating supply is 5,874,571,479 tokens. Ethereum Gold Project’s official website is www.etgproject.org. Ethereum Gold Project’s official Twitter account is @

and its Facebook page is accessible here.

Ethereum Gold Project Token Trading

Ethereum Gold Project can be purchased on the following cryptocurrency exchanges: Mercatox, Token Store and Hotbit. It is usually not presently possible to purchase alternative cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum Gold Project directly using U.S. dollars. Investors seeking to acquire Ethereum Gold Project should first purchase Ethereum or Bitcoin using an exchange that deals in U.S. dollars such as GDAX, Changelly or Gemini. Investors can then use their newly-acquired Ethereum or Bitcoin to purchase Ethereum Gold Project using one of the exchanges listed above.

Receive News & Updates for Ethereum Gold Project Daily – Enter your email address below to receive a concise daily summary of the latest news and updates for Ethereum Gold Project and related cryptocurrencies with MarketBeat.com’s FREE CryptoBeat newsletter.

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Analyst Who Called Bitcoin’s Crash to $6000 Says Ethereum Bottom In

Take one look at Bitcoin’s chart and you would assume that Ethereum, XRP, and all the rest have had a great 2019 too, but you would be sorely …

Take one look at Bitcoin’s chart and you would assume that Ethereum, XRP, and all the rest have had a great 2019 too, but you would be sorely mistaken in saying that. Per previous reports from NewsBTC, since earlier this month, the price of ETH is actually down in 2019, which comes in stark contrast to Bitcoin’s 95% year-to-date gains.

This harrowing price trend has been attributed to a confluence of factors, one such being that the PlusToken Wallet scam that brutalized many in the industry has a large portion of ETH that is being or will be liquidated, making investors price that potential sell-off in.

Related Reading: Crypto Tidbits: Youtube’s Bitcoin Ban, Ethereum Co-Founder Sells Stash, China’s Digital Currency Nears

Whatever the case, a prominent cryptocurrency analyst that has a solid track record has said that the technicals suggest Ethereum has found a bottom, potentially setting the stage for a return to a bull trend.

Ethereum Has Bottomed? Really?

According to a recent tweet from technical analyst Dave the Wave, Ethereum may have just put in a bottom in terms of its price against the U.S. dollar, looking to the chart below to prove his point.

In the chart, the popular Twitter analyst noted that ETH recently bounced off the 0.786 Fibonacci Retracement level of the price action from the 2018 bottom to the 2019 bottom, while the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) has shown signs of a reversal on a medium-term basis, boding well for bulls.

Freebie from my alts page.

And that ladies and gentlemen may have been the bottom in ETH. May it be a happy and prosperous new year.🥳 pic.twitter.com/TJZW4SNbLe

— dave the wave (@davthewave) December 30, 2019

So what are Dave’s credentials? Why should we listen to a Twitter analyst whose avatar is the famous Japanese painting of a tsunami?

Well, this trader is the one that called for rationality to return to the crypto markets when BTC was trading above $10,000, claiming the move was a clear overextension of BTC’s long-term growth curve and standards. He went as far as to say that Bitcoin was poised to return to $6,700 — this was months ago.

Related Reading: Math Shows That 2020 Could Be a Great Year for Ethereum Bulls; Here’s Why

Not All Is Fine and Dandy

Not all is well and good for Ethereum though.

Google recently removed the Ethereum interface application MetaMask’s application from the Google Play Store, citing concerns about violations of the company’s financial services policies, meaning that access to the blockchain may be restricted. Coinbase may follow suit with its own decentralized application interface.

Along with bearish fundamental developments, there are also some harrowing analyses in terms of the ETH charts.

Per previous reports from NewsBTC, a trader going by Mac wrote that he expects both altcoins as a class and Ethereum to fall by 20% against Bitcoin, noting that the ETH/BTC pair is currently far above any semblance of support.

This came shortly after another analyst, Velvet, said that Bitcoin’s dominance metric is likely to hit 78% — some 10% higher than current levels — by March, just four-odd months away. He attributed this expectation to the fact that BTC is showing signs it is about to begin its next leg higher — one that will bring it to BTC — meaning that capital flows towards altcoins is likely going to slow at a dramatic pace.

Yes, ETH/BTC could fall buy ETH/USD could rise in dissonance. The point is that not analysts are decisively bullish on the second-largest cryptocurrency.

Featured Image from Shutterstock

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Thanks to Better UX, This Year Dapps Will Go Mainstream

Jason Goldberg is founder of OST, which powers the ethereum application layer, and Pepo, an app where people share videos for tokens. As recently …

This post is part of CoinDesk’s 2019 Year in Review, a collection of 100 op-eds, interviews and takes on the state of blockchain and the world. Jason Goldberg is founder of OST, which powers the ethereum application layer, and Pepo, an app where people share videos for tokens.

As recently as a year ago, even the most ardent blockchain proponents had to concede the user experience was too clunky for any app using cryptocurrency to make it in the mainstream. After all, who could imagine users accustomed to smooth on-boarding and participation on apps like Instagram, tolerating having to write down 12 words to secure a wallet or operate a second browser window or another app to “sign” transactions. Can you imagine asking Instagram users to make sure they have enough ETH in their ‘Insta-wallets’ to pay gas on each transaction?

Thankfully, 2019 will be remembered for technical innovations that enabled dapps to start to feel like apps. The foundation is laid, and blockchain is finally ready for primetime. 2020 will be the year we begin to see mainstream adoption of crypto-powered apps.

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It’s all about solving real problems for real people. Until now, crypto has sometimes felt like an elegant solution in search of a problem – a blueprint for a far-out, visionary utopia. While thinking big is admirable, new technologies must first identify real problems and offer solutions people can use. Most people don’t wake up in the morning thinking in bold strokes about decentralized finance; they worry about how they’re going to pay the bills, live, learn, experience, and laugh. It’s these people and use cases that crypto must, and will, address.

The failure so far of crypto projects to gain broad-based user adoption comes down to the fact that, until now, the tech and the user experience have not been ready. But quietly, developers and founders have been building the infrastructure layers for crypto apps to break out.

This parallels previous technology cycles, to which I’ve had a front-row seat. I started at AOL in the late-90s before founding a series a “web 2” companies. It usually takes a few years for technology to catch up to vision. YouTube would have been impossible in 1997 because broadband didn’t exist. Social media could not have taken off in 2000 because there weren’t enough people online to create robust connections, and the smartphone was not yet invented. In each of these cases, technology, user experience, and adoption needed to reach a certain inflection point before a new vision could really catch fire.

Blockchain is now at exactly this type of inflection point, turning the corner from an exciting concept into real-world solutions for millions of people. Ironically, it’s when people are most disillusioned that builders break through, and that’s what happened in crypto in 2019. The builders and makers have prepared the infrastructure. And now the tech is ready to offer products that genuinely address a need – that make life easier, better, or just more fun for people.

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A year ago, many projects would have run aground because crypto couldn’t deliver a seamless user experience. Onerous requirements around account recovery, transaction signing, and gas payments limited adoption to the “crypto-native.” But this year has seen technical breakthroughs that finally make crypto capable of delivering the user experience necessary to appeal to a broad audience. Smart contract wallets give users self-custody of their assets without requiring them to write down 12 words and store them on a piece of paper. Now, all they need to initiate account recovery is a 6-digit pin. An account that cannot be recovered is no better than one where money has actually been stolen, so this is a huge improvement in account security. Plus, the improved user experience brings crypto into line with something as mainstream as an ATM.

For the first time, we can offer dapps with beautiful, blazing-fast UX.

User experience is further strengthened through meta-transactions, which can be programmed to remove the need for users to pay for gas each time they move tokens. And multi-signature, or “multisig,” contracts have led to innovations like session keys, which remove the need for users to sign every transaction. These two breakthroughs combine to make the experience of using an Ethereum-based app far smoother. With the crypto machinery running silently and smoothly in the background, for the first time we can offer dapps with beautiful, blazing-fast UX.

Platforms such as Gnosis and Argent are now leveraging these capabilities to deliver tangible benefits to users across a range of use cases, including digital ID, finance, and custody.

Following three years of working deep in the infrastructure layer of the Ethereum stack, I’ve spent the past year building out Pepo, an Ethereum-based dapp that feels just like an app. In Pepo, every tap of the “like” button transfers a token – giving a whole new meaning and value to likes. Suddenly, content creators can be instantly rewarded by their fans and earn real money for their creations, without any middlemen. Social networks such as Facebook may have popularized the concept of “likes.” But only a blockchain-powered app can add cryptocurrency, decentralize peer-to-peer payments, and monetize the experience with its capacity of micro-transactions.

Crypto serves a clear additive purpose for apps like Pepo. Providing content creators with tokens instead of just “likes” establishes a clearer rewards structure within the app, It is also designed to serve a curating function, as users are less likely to send tokens to creators of content that doesn’t truly appeal to them. Pepo was approved by Apple for in-app purchases and cash-out options, a precedent that is essential for the mainstream adoption of crypto-powered apps.

Other projects will come to market in 2020 showing how crypto can power a new generation of technical solutions. Particular areas to watch are direct-to-consumer retail, the sharing economy, media platforms, multiplayer games, influencer marketing, and asset management. The crypto apps that launch in 2020 will show that tokens can have real utility; that there are use-cases where crypto really does offer the best possible solution; and that we can create a superb user experience that is made better, not just bearable, by blockchain technology. That’s why 2020 will be the year crypto finally breaks out.

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