Why Google, Infosys & Amazon Are Betting High On Open-Source AI Projects

With applicability of artificial intelligence and machine language becoming pervasive across various sectors in India and around the world, noted tech …
http://www.wallpapermaiden.com/wallpaper/24592/download/2880×1800/workbench-tools-engineering.jpeg

With applicability of artificial intelligence and machine language becoming pervasive across various sectors in India and around the world, noted tech giants are now open-sourcing more and more of their AI and ML projects.

This is a good sign of organic growth in the field because AI enthusiasts believe phasing out black box model will eventually de-escalate the risks associated with it. This will also allow coders to understand the breadth and depth of the technology and use it for the larger good.

Taking The White Box Route

With tech giants like Google, Facebook and Amazon completely betting on the ‘openness‘ of AI, it is certain that in the coming years, we sure are going to hear some big news related to the tech. According to recent reports, open source AI can increase innovation, enable faster time-to-market products, and lower the costs of production for companies.


Advertisement


Google: While Google unveiled its open source machine learning framework TensorFlow as early as 2015, today, the framework is used by companies like Airbnb, Uber, SAP, eBay, to name a few. It is currently available in Python, C++, Haskell, Java, Go, Rust, and most recently, JavaScript.

Amazon: Following in Google’s step, Amazon opened up its internal machine learning courses to developers. The company see this an opportunity to hire more efficient people so as to accelerate its growth. Talking to a leading online portal after its launch, Matt Wood, Amazon’s, GM of deep learning and AI said, “The coursework helps consolidate best practices, and demonstrates how to get started on a range of AWS machine learning services, including Amazon SageMaker, AWS DeepLens, Amazon Rekognition, Amazon Lex, Amazon Polly, and Amazon Comprehend.”

IBM: In yet another major step towards democratising AI’s functionality, IBM too jumped into the open-source bandwagon with its Fabric for Deep Learning (FfDL). The software is available through GitHub. The service is provided along with Watson Studio and it is equipped with tools for data scientists, application developers and subject matter experts.

Elaborating about the features of FfDL, IBM said in a post, “The platform uses a distribution and orchestration layer that facilitates learning from a large amount of data in a reasonable amount of time across compute nodes. A resource-provisioning layer enables flexible job management on heterogeneous resources, such as GPUs and CPUs on top of Kubernetes.”

Facebook: The latest addition to the AI/ML open-source club is none other than Facebook. On 19 December, the company made the announcement that it will open source the code and data of Deep Focus, the AI rendering system powering Half Dome, its next-generation prototype VR headset. “With DeepFocus and Half Dome, we now have the tools to better understand how realism contributes to the user’s experience in VR and AR. And though we’re currently using DeepFocus with Half Dome, the system’s deep learning–based approach to defocusing is hardware agnostic,” Oculus said in a post.

OpenAI: But as big names are betting on AI/ML, OpenAI, a non-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company was set-up by Elon Musk and Sam Altman as a counter-movement to ensure the technology wasn’t being exploited. Both the founders were concerned about existential risk from artificial general intelligence, leading them to establish the NGO as a check-and-balance measure. Their pool of 60 permanent staff and engineers work towards discovering and enacting the path to safe artificial general intelligence. The company publish at top machine learning conferences, open-source software tools for accelerating AI research globally. Vishal Sikka, the former Infosys CEO, is also a board member of the group and Infosys in among its main sponsors and participant.



Provide your comments below

comments

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts

SpaceX to lay off 10pc of workforce

Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, which … In an interview broadcast last month, Musk openly mocked the US …

LOS ANGELES: SpaceX plans to lay off 10 per cent of its more than 6,000 employees, a source familiar with the decision said yesterday.

“To continue delivering for our customers and to succeed in developing interplanetary spacecraft and a global space-based Internet, SpaceX must become a leaner company,” the California-based company, headed by Elon Musk, said in a statement to AFP.

“Either of these developments, even when attempted separately, have bankrupted other organisations,” it added.

“This means we must part ways with some talented and hardworking members of our team.”

It added that the trim down was “only due to the extraordinarily difficult challenges ahead.”

Citing an email sent to employees yesterday, the Los Angeles Times said the company was offering those affected a minimum of eight weeks’ pay and other benefits, including career coaching and resume assistance.

The announcement came as SpaceX yesterday launched a Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California carrying 10 communications satellites.

Founded by Musk, SpaceX makes most of its money from multibillion dollar contracts with Nasa and satellite launches.

SpaceX in November won authorisation from US officials to put nearly 12,000 satellites into orbit in order to boost cheap, wireless internet access by the 2020s.

And The Wall Street Journal reported last month that the company was raising US$500 million (RM2 billion) from investors to help launch its satellite internet service.

Serial entrepreneur Musk has risen to prominence with a series of ambitious ventures, especially Tesla, which has boosted production of its Model 3 electric car and has continued to enjoy strong demand for the vehicle.

Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, which focuses on infrastructure and tunnels.

But Musk has also drawn plenty of criticism over unconventional and at times erratic behaviour — after admitting last year that he has struggled with exhaustion.

In an interview broadcast last month, Musk openly mocked the US Securities and Exchange Commission after agreeing to a US$20 million fine to settle fraud charges the agency had brought over Musk’s quickly aborted effort to take Tesla private.

And in September, he raised eyebrows with an appearance on a podcast with comedian Joe Rogan, which saw him sip whiskey and smoke weed while musing at length about artificial intelligence, colonising space, and the need to give love a chance.

Later that month, he was sued by a British caver who had helped rescue 12 boys trapped in Thailand after Musk called him a “pedo guy” and a “child rapist.” — AFP

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts

SpaceX to lay off 10 per cent of its employees

Serial entrepreneur Musk has risen to prominence with a series of … Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, which …
spacex

SpaceX to lay off 10 per cent of its employees&nbsp | &nbspPhoto Credit:&nbspTwitter

SpaceX plans to lay off 10 per cent of its more than 6,000 employees, a source familiar with the decision said on Friday.

“To continue delivering for our customers and to succeed in developing interplanetary spacecraft and a global space-based Internet, SpaceX must become a leaner company,” the California-based company, headed by Elon Musk, said in a statement to AFP.

“Either of these developments, even when attempted separately, have bankrupted other organizations,” it added.

“This means we must part ways with some talented and hardworking members of our team.” It added that the trim down was “only due to the extraordinarily difficult challenges ahead.”

Citing an email sent to employees on Friday, the Los Angeles Times said the company was offering those affected a minimum of eight weeks’ pay and other benefits, including career coaching and resume assistance.

The announcement came as SpaceX on Friday launched a Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California carrying 10 communications satellites.

Founded by Musk, SpaceX makes most of its money from multibillion-dollar contracts with NASA and satellite launches.

SpaceX in November won authorization from US officials to put nearly 12,000 satellites into orbit in order to boost cheap, wireless internet access by the 2020s.

And The Wall Street Journal reported last month that the company was raising $500 million from investors to help launch its satellite internet service.

Serial entrepreneur Musk has risen to prominence with a series of ambitious ventures, especially Tesla, which has boosted production of its Model 3 electric car and has continued to enjoy strong demand for the vehicle.

Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, which focuses on infrastructure and tunnels.

But Musk has also drawn plenty of criticism over unconventional and at times erratic behaviour — after admitting last year that he has struggled with exhaustion.

In an interview broadcast last month, Musk openly mocked the US Securities and Exchange Commission after agreeing to a $20 million fine to settle fraud charges the agency had brought over Musk’s quickly aborted effort to take Tesla private.

And in September, he raised eyebrows with an appearance on a podcast with comedian Joe Rogan, which saw him sip whiskey and smoke weed while musing at length about artificial intelligence, colonizing space, and the need to give love a chance.

Later that month, he was sued by a British caver who had helped rescue 12 boys trapped in Thailand after Musk called him a “pedo guy” and a “child rapist.”

Times Network – India’s Leading Broadcasting Network, uniquely offering English Entertainment, best in class News channels & Bollywood Masala, available at a Value pack (7 channels) of Rs 13/- per month.

Please contact your cable/DTH service provider now and ensure that your TV viewing experience is complete. To know more click here.

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts

SpaceX to lay off 10 percent of workforce

Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, … But Musk has also drawn plenty of criticism over unconventional and at …
SpaceX, headed by Elon Musk, plans to lay off 10 percent of its more than 6,000 employees

SpaceX, headed by Elon Musk, plans to lay off 10 percent of its more than 6,000 employees

SpaceX, headed by Elon Musk, plans to lay off 10 percent of its more than 6,000 employees

SpaceX plans to lay off 10 percent of its more than 6,000 employees, a source familiar with the decision said on Friday.

“To continue delivering for our customers and to succeed in developing interplanetary spacecraft and a global space-based Internet, SpaceX must become a leaner company,” the California-based company, headed by Elon Musk, said in a statement to AFP.

“Either of these developments, even when attempted separately, have bankrupted other organizations,” it added.

“This means we must part ways with some talented and hardworking members of our team.”

It added that the trim down was “only due to the extraordinarily difficult challenges ahead.”

Citing an email sent to employees on Friday, the Los Angeles Times said the company was offering those affected a minimum of eight weeks’ pay and other benefits, including career coaching and resume assistance.

The announcement came as SpaceX on Friday launched a Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California carrying 10 communications satellites.

Founded by Musk, SpaceX makes most of its money from multibillion dollar contracts with NASA and satellite launches.

SpaceX in November won authorization from US officials to put nearly 12,000 satellites into orbit in order to boost cheap, wireless internet access by the 2020s.

And The Wall Street Journal reported last month that the company was raising $500 million from investors to help launch its satellite internet service.

Serial entrepreneur Musk has risen to prominence with a series of ambitious ventures, especially Tesla, which has boosted production of its Model 3 electric car and has continued to enjoy strong demand for the vehicle.

Other Musk ventures include OpenAI, Neuralink and the Boring Company, which focuses on infrastructure and tunnels.

But Musk has also drawn plenty of criticism over unconventional and at times erratic behavior — after admitting last year that he has struggled with exhaustion.

In an interview broadcast last month, Musk openly mocked the US Securities and Exchange Commission after agreeing to a $20 million fine to settle fraud charges the agency had brought over Musk’s quickly aborted effort to take Tesla private.

And in September, he raised eyebrows with an appearance on a podcast with comedian Joe Rogan, which saw him sip whiskey and smoke weed while musing at length about artificial intelligence, colonizing space, and the need to give love a chance.

Later that month, he was sued by a British caver who had helped rescue 12 boys trapped in Thailand after Musk called him a “pedo guy” and a “child rapist.”

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts

10 Breakthroughs In Artificial Intelligence That Skyrocketed Its Popularity This Decade

Artificial Intelligence and its associated technologies have become the buzzwords of companies, individuals and even governments. This begs the …

Artificial Intelligence and its associated technologies have become the buzzwords of companies, individuals and even governments. This begs the question; How did AI gain the prominence and attention it has today? What forced companies to stop and take notice of a technology that has effectively changed every walk of life?

According to Google Trends, this phenomenon occurred around the beginning of 2016, with indexed search volume results almost doubling over just one month. However, the building blocks for the widespread adoption of AI had already been set.


Advertisement


IBM Watson Vs Google DeepMind (2011-17)

In 2011, IBM had debuted their Watson AI on the reality TV show Jeopardy!, where it was pitted against two of the best players in the world. For those unaware, Jeopardy! relies heavily on language-based processing, a feat that has historically been difficult for AI.

However, Watson handily beat the other two participants, one of who had never been beaten by any human competitor. This marked the true birth of AI as we know it today, as it progressed from close-bounded problems to more ‘intelligent’ procedures such as Natural Language Processing.

The advancement of IBM was then noted by Google, who proceeded to acquire an AI-based startup known as DeepMind in early 2014 to fuel their AI expansion plans. This marked the age of AI where only big companies had the resources, tools, and knowledge required to create AI solutions. Soon after their acquisition of DeepMind, Google began training an algorithm designed to beat what is known commonly as the world’s most complex game; Go.

Being much more complex than chess despite having simpler rules, the number of board positions in the game has been calculated to be around 2 x 10^170. This is an incredibly large number, which only increases in complexity as there are more pieces on the board. However, Google’s algorithm called AlphaGo first beat the European Go champion in 2015. This was followed by its iteration then beating the Korean Go champion in 2016. The most advanced iteration was then utilised to beat the World Go champion in 2017, thus marking the end of human dominance over Go that has existed since over 2000 years.

Rise Of AI Awareness And Accessibility (2016-18)

As the years passed, AI grew better at games that human players have dominated since their genesis. Poker, one of the most infamous incomplete information games in the world, held as a last bastion of humankind due to its inbuilt requirement of judging other humans. However, in 2017, Libratus, an AI built to play poker, defeated some of the best players in the world in 2017.

In the same year, many prominent AI thinkers such as Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking, Steve Wozniak, and one of the founders of DeepMind, Mustafa Suleyman, signed an open letter addressed to the UN regarding the use of AI in autonomous weapons. Reportedly, this would bring about the creation of the “third age of war”, as the creation of gunpowder and nuclear weapons brought about the creation of the first and second ages.

The world took note of this power, and its access to it was made easier by the transition of one of Google’s tools, TensorFlow, to open-source in 2016. This, coupled with advancements made in CPU and GPU technology, opened up the field to enthusiasts everywhere.

OpenAI, a company founded by Elon Musk, also dipped its feet into the age-old practice of defeating humans. A bot was trained to play Dota 2, an extremely complex game with the requirement for a large amount of information and lightning-quick reaction times. This is arguably more complex than Go, with OpenAI’s bot beating nine of the world’s best players in closed games and appearing in a championship to beat one of the world’s best players.

An honorable mention also goes out to AI that is being delivered even today to Android phones around the world. Google Assistant gained prominence in around 2016, with its use of NLP removing barriers between humans and computers. Moreover, advancements in Google’s WaveNet algorithm have also improved the speaking capabilities of the software, making it sound as close to human speech as possible.

AI For Science, Governments, And Society (2018-?)

This mix of a technology that seemed to be smarter than us and that held the threat of the extinction of our species over our heads seemed to excite everyone on the planet. In 2017, many prominent governments and companies jumped on the AI bandwagon, driving public interest in the field. This is evidenced by the rising indexed search volume indicator on Google Trends.

More than the general population, enterprises, and administrations, the scientific community seems to have caught on to the AI train late. On the Scopus scholarly database, an open-access database used by scientists, the term ‘AI’ moved from 13th most searched to 4th in 2018, with terms such as ML and DL breaking into the top 20. This represents not only the update of the scientific community to one of the most groundbreaking technologies but also represents the fruits of research papers sponsored in 2016 and 2017, a high point for AI research.

2018 was undoubtedly the year of AI, as interest in all spheres for solutions that utilised AI reached a fever pitch. It received a lot of attention from media and governments alike, as seen by the Google Trends data which stayed near the ‘100’ mark for a majority of the year. Post this increase, the search interest for AI has been consistently high. The spike in 2017 showed that interest continued to increase as advancements continued to be made.

Outlook

As governments around the world continue to make positive moves forward into the AI field, the warnings of those who warned against giving algorithms too much power. Due to the general consensus that an Artificial SuperIntelligence is some time in the not-so-distant future, humans seem to be riding the AI trend train to the last stop.



Related

Provide your comments below

comments

Related Posts:

  • No Related Posts