Take your pick: ‘Hack-proof’ blockchain-powered padlock defeated by Bluetooth replay attack or …

The 360lock, a technologically enabled padlock (why?) was advertised by its creators as “completely hacking proof” and incorporating blockchain …

A “hack-proof” smart padlock with security based on blockchain technology could be defeated by a simple Bluetooth replay attack – or a 1kg lump hammer.

The 360lock, a technologically enabled padlock (why?) was advertised by its creators as “completely hacking proof” and incorporating blockchain technology as used in the Ethereum cryptocurrency.

Its unique selling point is that the padlock can be locked and unlocked using an app that transmits over a Bluetooth Low Energy connection, rather than a physical key or combination lock. This apparently needed the inclusion of “advanced crypto codes” to drive “the level of security [to] maximum”.

Such silly claims caught the eye of Pen Test Partners, who not only hacked the “hack-proof” lock but also discovered that its physical security was crap too.

All that researcher David Lodge did was record a successful Bluetooth unlock command and then replay it, as he detailed on the company blog, referring to code snippets: “After I did the below commands it popped open. The first packet is authorisation, the second the open command. So it is vulnerable to replay attacks.”

Lodge also speculated that the lock was made from Zamak, a zinc-based alloy used in products ranging from zippers to rifle buttplates to cheap jewellery. While Zamak’s hard-wearing properties make it good for die-casting, one thing it lacks is tensile strength.

“It took one hit to shear through the connector. Do not use this key box!” advised Lodge, who also made a nine-second video of what happens when you introduce 360lock’s padlock and bike lock to a 1kg lump hammer:

Youtube Video

Undoing four exposed screws on the key box led to a blanking plate that Lodge was able to prise off (“it was only held in by silicon sealant”) and gain access to the internal electronics and the motor that drove the lock itself.

“A simple security review would have picked up the BLE replay issue, plus other potential issues. How was this missed?” he asked, concluding: “Lock bodies shouldn’t be made of Zamak and similar alloys. It’s easier and cheaper to cast/machine, compared to steel, but there’s a reason conventional locks use case-hardened metals.”

Security, both physical and digital, is important. Especially so in a smart security product. ®

Smart Lock Market Worth US $3.4 Billion By 2025

… Communication Protocol (Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Other Protocols (Zigbee, Z-Wave, Thread, and NFC, among others))and Regional Forecasts 2019-2025.

Global Smart Lock Industry to reach USD 3.4 billion by 2025.

Image result for Smart Lock

Global Smart Lock Industry valued approximately USD 1.1 billion in 2016 is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 13.34% over the forecast period 2017-2025. The driving factor for Smart Lock Industry is the rising adoption of connected home solutions and soaring need to establish connectivity across all electronic devices and users’ houses as a consequence of growing penetration of smart homes as these are the key trends uplifting the Industry growth and Increasing penetration of smartphones which is also fueling the demand for smart locks over the forecast period. Moreover, technological advancements are estimated to play a key role in the development of this Industry

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The objective of the study is to define Industry sizes of different segments & countries in recent years and to forecast the values to the coming eight years. The report is designed to incorporate both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry within each of the regions and countries involved in the study. Furthermore, the report also caters the detailed information about the crucial aspects such as driving factors & challenges which will define the future growth of the Industry. Additionally, the report shall also incorporate available opportunities in micro Industrys for stakeholders to invest along with the detailed analysis of competitive landscape and product offerings of key players.

Top Players

Allegion (Ireland),

dorma+kaba (Switzerland),

Spectrum Brands (US),

Salto Systems (Spain),

Onity (US),

Cansec Systems (Canada),

Master Lock (US).

Infineon Technologies AG

 by Lock Type

 Deadbolts

 Lever Handles

 Padlocks

 Other Locks

 by Communication Protocol

 Bluetooth

 Wi-Fi

 Other Protocols (Zigbee, Z-Wave, Thread, and NFC, among others)

 by Vertical

 Commercial

 Residential

 Institution & Government

 Industrial

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By Also divide the market by region: Americas, United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, APAC, China, Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia, India, Australia, Europe, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Russia, Spain, Middle East & Africa, Egypt, South Africa, Israel, Turkey & others.

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* Regional and country level analysis integrating the demand and supply forces that are influencing the growth of the Industry.

* Industry value (USD Million) and volume (Units Million) data for each segment and sub-segment

* Competitive landscape involving the Industry share of major players, along with the new projects and strategies adopted by players in the past five years

* Comprehensive company profiles covering the product offerings, key financial information, recent developments, SWOT analysis, and strategies employed by the major Industry players

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Padlock Market Report 2019 Worldwide Opportunities, Emerging Technologies and Business …

According to Latest Research, Padlock Market has witnessed Revolutionary Growth in Global Market and is projected to reach new levels of …

According to Latest Research, Padlock Market has witnessed Revolutionary Growth in Global Market and is projected to reach new levels of improvement during the forecast period 2019 to 2026. The Report Explores the Business Opportunities, Thoughtful insights, Facts and statistically supported and industry-validated market data.

Padlock Market research report also provides an overall analysis of the market share, size, segmentation, revenue forecasts and geographic regions of the Padlock Market along with industry leading players are studied with respect to their company profile, product portfolio, capacity, price, cost and revenue. The research report also provides detail analysis on the Padlock Market current applications and comparative analysis with more focused on the pros and cons of Padlock and competitive analysis of major companies.

Download FREE Sample Copy of Padlock Market Report @ https://www.worldwidemarketreports.com/sample/249299

Key players in the Padlock market have been identified through secondary research, and their market shares have been determined through primary and secondary research. All measurement shares, splits, and breakdowns have been resolute using secondary sources and verified primary sources. The Padlock Market report begins with a basic overview of the industry lifecycle, definitions, classifications, applications, and industry chain structure and all these together will help leading players understand scope of the Market, what characteristics it offers and how it will fulfill customer’s requirements.

The report also makes some important proposals for a new project of Padlock Market before evaluating its feasibility. Overall, the report covers the sales volume, price, revenue, gross margin, historical growth and future perspectives in the Padlock market. It offers facts related to the mergers, acquirement, partnerships, and joint venture activities widespread in the market.

This report includes the estimation of market size for value (million US$) and volume (K MT). Both top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the market size of Padlock market, to estimate the size of various other dependent submarkets in the overall market. Key players in the market have been identified through secondary research, and their market shares have been determined through primary and secondary research. All percentage shares, splits, and breakdowns have been determined using secondary sources and verified primary sources.

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1. Padlock Market share assessments for the regional and country level segments

2. Market share analysis of the top industry players

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4. Strategic recommendations in key business segments based on the market estimations

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The complete knowledge of Padlock Market is based on the latest industry news, opportunities and trends. Padlock Market research report offers a clear insight about the influential factors that are expected to transform the global market in the near future. Both top-down and bottom-up approaches have been used to estimate and validate the market size of Padlock market, to estimate the size of various other dependent submarkets in the overall market.

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  • Current market isolation Relating to Identifying portions like Padlock Merchandise Sort, end-use Software
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  • The research of this market enticing place regarding product sales of Padlock.
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In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of 2018-2026 Padlock Market are as follows:

History Year: 2013-2018

Base Year: 2018

Estimated Year: 2019

Forecast Year 2019 to 2026

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Phishing Sites Fool Users with Security Padlock

… a red herring that misleads users into having a false sense of security, according to Nick Bilogorskiy, cybersecurity strategist at Juniper Networks.

For several years now, it has been a widely accepted truth that a green padlock in a website’s URL indicated that the site was secure; however, Krebs on Security reported that “Half of All Phishing Sites Now Have the Padlock.”

Krebs warned, “Maybe you were once advised to ‘look for the padlock’ as a means of telling legitimate e-commerce sites from phishing or malware traps. Unfortunately, this has never been more useless advice. New research indicates that half of all phishing scams are now hosted on Web sites whose Internet address includes the padlock and begins with ‘https://’.”

In truth, the padlock is no indication that the site is secure. Rather, it merely conveys the fact that information being exchanged between your browser and the site is encrypted, rendering it illegible to the eyes of a third party. Krebs continued, “The presence of the padlock does not mean the site is legitimate, nor is it any proof the site has been security-hardened against intrusion from hackers.”

Unfortunately, users assume that if they see a padlock on a site they visit, the site is secure, making the green padlock a red herring that misleads users into having a false sense of security, according to Nick Bilogorskiy, cybersecurity strategist at Juniper Networks.

“Attackers are always quick to adapt any innovative means to increase the click-through of their phishing sites. It does not cost them anything to get an SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt to obtain the green padlock, said Bilogorskiy. In fact, Let’s Encrypt has become the largest certificate issuer in the world with over 380 million certificates issued on 129 million unique domains. That said, I am not surprised that attackers have doubled the number of HTTPS phishing sites in a year.”

The study indicates that there is no real way for an average user to verify that the sites they visit are secure. “Users should also look for character replacement (“punycode”), subdomains, and other inconsistencies in a site’s real URL and webpage. You can usually find the real site by Googling the company name, then check it against the suspected phishing URL. Other means of combating phishing usually deal with emails and other means of getting victims to the phishing site,” said Paul Bischoff, privacy advocate at Comparitech.com.